Angiosarcoma After Breast Conservation: Diagnostic Pitfalls

ArticleinClinical Breast Cancer 8(1):94-6 · March 2008with13 Reads
DOI: 10.3816/CBC.2008.n.009 · Source: PubMed
Abstract
Angiosarcomas are aggressive tumors of endovascular origin. Although angiosarcomas are relatively rare, they are being reported with increasing frequency in patients who have previously undergone breast conserving therapy. The initial clinical presentation of angiosarcomas after breast irradiation is often similar to the presentation of recurrent breast carcinomas. In addition, the histologic and cytologic appearance of posttreatment angiosarcomas can be highly suggestive of recurrent breast carcinoma. Immunohistochemical stains are often required to make an accurate distinction between the 2 entities. An accurate diagnosis is essential, because prognosis and treatment are different for each condition. An early and accurate diagnosis is aided by a high index of suspicion by clinician and pathologist. Herein, a case history is presented that underscores the pitfalls in attempting to achieve an accurate diagnosis.
    • "The case described here doesn't fulfill these criteria. However, these criteria should be supplemented by new risk factors described in up-to-date research of breast angiosarcomas [16,17]. Our patient developed a secondary breast angiosarcoma although the region of the radiation treatment was not adjustment to the breast, rather far away. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare and very aggressive tumors originated from endothelial cells lining blood vessels. We report a case of a 55-year-old postmenopausal female with a primary breast angiosarcoma diagnosed just a one year after radical hysterectomy and radiation therapy due to endometrial cancer. The patient initially presented with postmenopausal bleeding. Cytology and biopsy of the endometrium were performed and endometrial adenosquamous carcinoma was diagnosed followed by radical hysterectomy and postoperative local radiatiotherapy (50 Gy). One year later patient presented with a great painful tumorous mass in the right breast. Physical examination revealed an oval tumor, located in upper and outer quadrant of the right breast, around 15 cm in diameter. Mammography and ultrasonography were performed. The angiosarcoma of the breast was confirmed by biopsy. The patient underwent radical mastectomy. Histopathology proved the diagnosis of angiosarcoma (high-grade, numerous mitoses over 10/10 HPF, necrosis, “blood lakes”, infiltrative borders). Differential diagnosis of a breast angiosarcoma should be considered in all painful breast tumours no mather the time and the location of the previous radiation treatment even if benign characteristics of these masses have been detected by mammography and breast ultrasound.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2012
    • "The value of chemotherapy is unproved and it is difficult to draw any conclusion on the optimum chemotherapy regimen [11]. However, it has been used in selected cases with adverse prognostic indicators such as poor differentiation, and for large or multiple tumors [23]. Clinical and experimental evaluations of biological anticancer agents are promising research areas, and targeted therapy may be a new approach to the treatment of ASB. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Angiosarcomas of the breast (ASB) are rare, representing <1% of breast malignancies. They can develop as a primary or secondary malignancy, also called post-radiation angiosarcoma. The aim of the this study is to discuss diagnosis, treatment, and outcome of primary and secondary ASB patients, diagnosed and treated in a single institution, over a 10-year period and to further compare the two conditions. We retrieved 28 consecutive cases of ASB, diagnosed from 1999 to 2009 at the European Institute of Oncology. Clinical and pathologic findings and survival analyses were performed. Of the 28 cases (27 women and 1 man), eight were primary breast angiosarcomas (PBA) and 20 were secondary breast angiosarcomas (SBA). Median follow-up was 23 months (range 1-112 months). Type of treatment (conservative or radical surgery) did not affect survival in both types of angiosarcomas. The clinical course observed was characterized by a high rate of local recurrence rather than distant metastasis or death from disease. There was a correlation between histological grade and prognosis of angiosarcomas with high-grade tumors presenting worse prognosis. SBA had a poorer prognosis compared to PBA. Our data indicate that primary and secondary ASB are distinct clinical and pathological features. SBA showed worse prognosis and was more often diagnosed in the study period compared to PBA. Physicians who care for patients who have been treated with radiation must be aware of its potential to induce angiosarcoma and stay vigilant in its detection.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011
  • Article · Jan 2009
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