[Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast. Our experience and a proposal of a therapeutic algorithm for a rare tumor].
Ospedale IRCCS "Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza" San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.Il Giornale di chirurgia 06/2008; 29(5):203-6.
The neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast is a very rare tumor. In this paper we describe our experience in 10 cases of neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast, and an integrated diagnostic-therapeutic proposal for this tumor. Since no positive association has been shown between neuroendocrine differentiation and tumor size, staging, grading, survival and therefore prognosis, we consider that surgical therapy for neuroendocrine tumors of the breast should be the same as that performed in common invasive histotypes. Due to the presence of specific cellular receptors in neuroendocrine tumors of the breast, somatostatin has been claimed as a useful tool both for diagnostic (Octreoscan) and therapy (for metastatic disease). As for therapy, synthetic analogs show advantages versus native somatostatin, because of a longer half-life, and data from literature report encouraging results obtained by using radiolabelled somatostatin analogs. One of these is 90 Y-Dotatoc; we have already used it in patients with neuroendocrine tumors of the lung. Our algorithm for neuroendocrine tumors of the breast includes diagnostic scintigraphy with Octreoscan and receptor-mediated radiolabelled therapy with 90 Y-Dotatoc in patients with confirmed scintigraphic expression of somatostatin receptors in tumoral tissue.
Article: Neuroendocrine carcinoma of breast[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETS) are rare tumours. The commonest site of occurrence is the gastrointestinal tract. NETS in the breast are even rarer, accounting for less than 0.1% of all breast cancers and less than 1% of all NETS. We are reporting a case of primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast in a 60 years old female. Investigations were done to rule out any other associated lesion. Patient was treated by modified radical mastectomy and adjuvant chemo and radiotherapy.
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ABSTRACT: Neuroendocrine (NE) carcinoma of the breast is extremely rare and constitutes less than 0.1% of all breast tumors. Only a few studies are currently available in the litera-ture and a standard approach to treating this tumor has yet to be established. The aim of this study was to apply pathological treatment modalities in clinical practice and to select the most appropriate treatment accordingly. Six female patients were diagnosed with primary NE carcinoma of the breast. The patients underwent modified radical mastectomy with axillary dissection. Pathological specimens were stained with hematox-ylin and eosin and an immunohistochemical panel of antibodies [neuron-specific enolase (NSE), chromogranin, synoptophysin, estrogen and progesterone receptor, c-erbB2 and Ki-67]. The results showed that tumor size ranged from 2 to 4.5 cm in diam-eter. Lymph node metastasis was detected in 4 (67%) patients. Estrogen and progesterone receptor expression was found in 5 (83%) patients. None of the patients expressed c-erbB2. Chromogranin was found to be positive in 5 (83%) patients. Synoptophysin expression was detected in 5 (83%) patients. NSE was stained in 4 (67%) patients. An intraductal compo-nent was found in 5 (83%) patients. Lymphovascular invasion was found in 5 (83%) patients. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered to patients with a Ki-67 index of ≥10%. Radiotherapy was administered to 4 (67%) patients, and 4 (67%) patients received hormonal therapy. The mean follow-up time was 31.1 months (range 12-52). All 6 patients survived, although following chemotherapy and tamoxifen, the disease progressed in 1 patient who received second-line hormonal therapy. In conclusion, NE carcinoma of the breast is a distinct entity. Management of this rare tumor may include surgery and radiotherapy depending on the size of the tumor and lymph node status. However, the exact role of chemotherapy and hormonal therapy has yet to be established.
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ABSTRACT: We report a primitive neuroendocrine breast tumor (NET) in a male. This situation is uncommon by its mode of discovery. We have treated a 74-year-old man with a lesion in the left areola initially considered as an organized hematoma due to a severe trauma. The ablation was performed by direct access under local anesthesia. The analysis of the piece has showed a NET of the breast due to the positivity of the neuroendocrine, cytokeratin and hormone markers. No other NET lesion was found, excluding the secondary origin of the breast tumor. Complementary therapies associated mastectomy, lymphadenectomy, hormonotherapy. Male breast cancer is rare. NET are exceptional, only a dozen of male NET is reported. These tumors affect a specific population and have a better prognosis than infiltrating ductal carcinoma. In our case, no causal link can be demonstrated between trauma and tumor microenvironment necessary for the growth of quiescent cancer cells.
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