Influence of Temperature Gradients on the Sound radiated from Flames.
Technische Fachhochschule Berlin, Univ. of Applied Sciences, Luxemburger Str. 10, 13353 Berlin, Germany, .The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America (Impact Factor: 1.5). 06/2008; 123(5):3405. DOI: 10.1121/1.2934111
The far field pressure of a turbulent flame can be determined using the standard boundary element method (BEM) if the sound pressure or its derivative is known at a closed surface (control surface) surrounding the flame, as long as the medium outside the control surface is homogeneous. If temperature gradients are present, the homogeneous Helmholtz equation is no more valid. In that case, the wave equation can be rewritten in form of an inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation with a source term that depends also on the unknown pressure. Using the "Dual Reciprocity BEM" the integral form of this wave equation can be solved involving only surface integrals, so that the sound field can still be computed from field values at the control surface. The cases under study consider a volume of hot gas with a temperature distribution that is prescribed or obtained from a CFD simulation. The influence of the temperature gradients on the sound field can be evaluated by comparison of characteristic quantities like sound power and radiation patterns, with and without temperature gradient.
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