Single-Stage Distraction Correction for Neglected Dorsal Fracture Dislocations of the Proximal Interphalangeal Joint: A Report of Eight Cases

Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospital Lewisham, London, UK.
Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume) (Impact Factor: 2.04). 07/2008; 33(3):345-9. DOI: 10.1177/1753193408091351
Source: PubMed


We present the outcome of treatment of eight chronic neglected dorsal fracture dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint treated with a single-stage ligamentous distraction using the Penning mini-external fixator and a closed reduction. The distraction correction and 2 to 3 mm over distraction was performed acutely at the time of operation in all eight cases at an average injury-to-surgery time of 6 weeks. Satisfactory results with an average range of motion of 79 degrees were obtained at an average follow-up of 20 months. This technique is simple, effective and offers the advantage of being minimally invasive. We recommend this single-stage distraction correction technique for the treatment of chronic neglected dorsal dislocations of the proximal interphalangeal joint, which are no more than 10 weeks-old.

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    ABSTRACT: Treatment of Rolando fractures remains a challenge for hand surgeons. We present a case series of 16 comminuted Rolando type fractures treated by controlled capsuloligamentous distraction (and over distraction by 2 mm) using the Pennig mini-external fixation system. Additional Kirschner wire(s) were used to maintain fracture reduction and stability. Average time of injury to surgery time was five days. Mean age of patients was 26 years. The mean follow-up was 20 months. Excellent fracture union was achieved in all cases. All except two patients were pain free at the final consultation. The mean grip and pinch strength of the affected thumb was 96% and 93%, respectively, of the unaffected thumb with a minimal loss of movements. This technique is simple and effective. It enables immediate mobilisation of the unaffected joints and prevents stiffness. We recommend this distraction technique for the treatment of significantly comminuted Rolando type fractures.
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    ABSTRACT: We present the outcomes of the delayed management of eight displaced intra-articular fractures of the metacarpal and phalangeal heads treated with capsuloligamentotaxis using the Penning mini-external fixator. Closed anatomical reduction with a 2 mm over-distraction was achieved at the time of operation at an average of 20 days after the initial injury. Excellent outcomes in terms of function and pain were obtained at 6 month's follow-up in all cases. This technique is simple, minimally invasive, and effective, with minimal complications.
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    ABSTRACT: To report the medium- to long-term outcomes of joint distraction using a unilateral external fixator in the treatment of chronic post-traumatic proximal interphalangaeal (PIP) joint contractures. Between September 2001 and October 2011, 94 consecutive patients (98 PIP joints) with a mean age of 43 years (range, 17-69 y) were treated with external fixation for chronic flexion deformity of the PIP joint from trauma. The average time from injury to surgery was 48 months (range, 6-84 mo), and the duration of joint distraction was 10 days (range, 7-22 d). Patients were followed for a mean period of 54 months (range, 12-72 mo). The average gain in joint flexion was 25° and in joint extension was 40°. The mean improvement in the active range of movement was 67° (range. 30°-90°). There was no loss of motion on the latest follow-up. Patients younger than 40 years fared slightly better than those older than 40 years. Two patients developed swelling, pain, and erythema during treatment, which resolved upon temporarily stopping the distraction process. There were 12 cases of superficial pin-site infections, which were managed conservatively without serious complications or adverse outcome. External fixation is a simple and effective treatment modality for chronic traumatic PIP joint contractures with good predictable medium- to long-term results. Careful patient selection and monitoring are required. Therapeutic IV.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · The Journal of hand surgery
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