Botox, migraine, and the American Academy of Neurology: An antidote to anecdote
Green Shield Canada, 8677 Anchor Dr., P.O. Box 1606, Windsor, Ontario N9A 6W1 Canada. Mark.jackson@greenshield Journal of managed care pharmacy: JMCP
(Impact Factor: 2.71).
Available from: amcp.org
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ABSTRACT: To report a retrospective analysis of patients with migraine headaches treated with rimabotulinumtoxin B as preventive treatment, investigating an association between clinical responsiveness with migraine directionality and migrainous aura.
The Phase III Research Evaluating Migraine Prophylaxis Therapy studies demonstrated onabotulinumtoxin A is effective in the preventive management of chronic migraine headaches. Jakubowski et al reported greater response to onabotulinumtoxin A in migraine patients reporting inward-directed head pain (imploding or ocular) compared with outward-directed head pain (exploding), suggesting subpopulations of patients may be better candidates for its use. No correlation was found between those reporting migrainous aura and onabotulinumtoxin A responsiveness.
One hundred twenty-eight migraine patients were identified who had received rimabotulinumtoxin B injections over an average of 22 months, or 7 injection cycles. Migraine directionality was reported as inward directed (imploding, n = 72), eye centered (ocular, n = 28), outward directed (exploding, n = 16), and mixed (n = 12).
One hundred two out of one hundred twenty-eight patients (80%) improved; of these, 58 (57%) demonstrated a >75% reduction in monthly headache frequency (“>75%-responders”), 76% of which noted sustained benefits >12 months with repeated injections every 10-12 weeks. Those reporting ocular- and imploding-directed headaches were significantly more likely to be >75%-responders, compared with exploding- and mixed-directed headaches (P < .0025). Patients with ocular-directed headaches were most likely to be sustained >75%-responders. Patients reporting migrainous aura were more likely to be >75%-responders (P = .0007). Those reporting exploding- and mixed-directed headaches were more likely to be nonresponders (P < .0001).
Reported migraine directionality and presence of migrainous aura predict migraine headache responsiveness to rimabotulinumtoxin B injections.
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