Will China's Nutrition Transition Overwhelm Its Health Care System And Slow Economic Growth?

Carolina Population Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA.
Health Affairs (Impact Factor: 4.97). 07/2008; 27(4):1064-76. DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.27.4.1064
Source: PubMed


Rapid social and economic change is transforming China, with enormous implications for its population and economy. More than a fifth of China's adult population is overweight, related to changing dietary and physical activity patterns. Overweight and poor diets are becoming a greater burden for the poor than for the rich, with subsequent large increases in hypertension, stroke, and adult-onset diabetes. The related economic costs represent 4-8 percent of the economy. Public investments are needed to head off a huge increase in the morbidity, disability, absenteeism, and medical care costs linked with this nutritional shift.

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Available from: Barry M Popkin, Jan 27, 2015
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    • "China has undergone many marked dietary pattern shifts since 1949. These include: (1) a period (1949–1957) when food production was inadequate and cereal consumption was low; (2) the famine (1957–1962), which was linked with the Great Leap Forward; (3) a strong recovery (1962–1979); (4) the subsequent reform period (1979–1985) after the liberalization of food production, when the annual economic growth rate was greater than 10%; and (5) the current period (since 1985), in which continued rapid economic growth and a remarkable shift in diet structure has occurred1234. Rapid economic and social change has transformed urban China and much of its rural sector as well[5]. The classic Chinese diet includes cereals and vegetables with few animal foods. "

    Preview · Article · Jan 2016 · Nutrients
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    • "Therefore traditional strategies such as educating workers on food industry marketing, rallying workers against the food industry via a social movement, or trying to convince the government to regulate the food industry may not be effective (Wymer, 2010). In fact, despite a variety of efforts by social marketers to reduce levels of obesity (Royne & Levy, 2008), the obesity epidemic has worsened (Popkin, 2008). Moreover, social marketing techniques have not been effective at persuading any specific target groups. "

    Preview · Article · Dec 2014
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    • "This leads to questions related to the degree that children incorporate their parents' judgments and heuristics related to food safety to avoid perceived risks. With changes in the food supply and traditional consumption patterns, China has transitioned from health issues associated with under-nutrition to nutrition-related chronic diseases (Popkin, 2008). Global and domestic companies that sell packaged and prepared foods and beverages, such as Uni-President, Want Want, Nestlè, McDonalds, KFC, Wahaha, Coca-Cola and Kraft, have steadily increased their presence in China (Economist, 2012). "
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