JAK2 V617F positive polycythemia Vera in a child with neurofibromatosis type I
We report a child with polycythemia vera (PV). This patient demonstrates the acquired somatic JAK2 V617F mutation and also has neurofibromatosis type I (NF1). NF1, while not previously associated with PV, is associated with another childhood MPD, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML). Thus we examined a number of genetic abnormalities identified in JMML patients, but found no association in this case. Neurofibromin sequencing failed to identify a causative mutation. An unknown genetic abnormality resulting in NF1 may have predisposed this young child to acquiring the common JAK2 mutation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant, multi-system, neurocutaneous disorder that predisposes to the development of benign and malignant tumours with a birth incidence rate of 1 in 2500-3000. 50% of cases are sporadic. The diagnosis is exclusively based on clinical assessment with clinical diagnostic criteria such as café-au-lait spots, neurofibromas, axillary or groin freckling, Lisch nodules, optic pathway glioma, bony dysplasia and first-degree relative with NF1. We report a family with NF1 in which two members presented atypical clinical features in addition to the classical diagnostic criteria. Three relatives affected by NF1, a father and two of his three sons, are described. The clinical diagnosis was originally worn in all three cases, with the association many spots café-au –lait over the entire body and some axillary freckling as well as first-degree relative. One case presented an Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) type 2 at 10 years of age diagnosed before the revelation of bicytopenia associated pallor and isolated asthenia. A second case presented a nephrotic syndrome at 4 years of age due to the association of hydrops with headache and asthenia. Direct sequencing of NF1 led to identify the familial mutation, a previously unreported heterozygous missense mutation c.3443C>A, p.Ala1148Glu in exon 20 which segregated with all three affected patients. The family described in this report confirms the high clinical variability of NF1, even intrafamilial, and raises the question as to whether rare features such as AML and nephrotic syndrome are associated with NF1. Some NF1 patients presenting glomerular diseases or AML have rarely been reported, but due to the small number of cases described the mechanisms underlying these associations are poorly understood. However, it seems important to be aware of the possible occurrence of nephritic syndrome and/or malignant blood diseases in NF1 patients.0Comments 0Citations