Repopulation of the irradiation damaged lung with marrow derived cells

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, 5150 Centre Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15232, USA.
In vivo (Athens, Greece) (Impact Factor: 0.97). 01/2012; 26(1):9-18.
Source: PubMed


The effect of lung irradiation on reduction of lung stem cells and repopulation with bone marrow-derived cells was measured.
Expression of green fluorescent protein positive cells (GFP(+)) in the lungs of thoracic irradiated FVB/NHsd mice (Harlan Sprague Dawley, Indianapolis, IN, USA) was determined. This was compared to the repopulation of bone marrow-derived cells found in the lungs from naphthalene treated male FVB/NHsd mice and gangciclovir (GCV) treated FeVBN GFP(+) male marrow chimeric HSV-TK-CCSP. The level of mRNA for lung stem cell markers clara cell (CCSP), epithelium 1 (FOXJ1) and surfactant protein C (SP-C), and sorted single cells positive for marrow origin epithelial cells (GFP(+)CD45(-)) was measured.
The expression of pulmonary stem cells as determined by PCR was reduced most by GCV, then naphthalene, and least by thoracic irradiation. Irradiation, like GCV, reduced mRNA expression of CCSP, CYP2F2, and FOXJ1, while naphthalene reduced that of CCSP and CYP2F2. Ultrastructural analysis showed GFP(+) pulmonary cells of bone marrow origin, with the highest frequency being found in GCV-treated groups.
Bone marrow progenitor cells may not participate in the repopulation of the lung following irradiation.

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