Putatively Functional PLCE1 Variants and Susceptibility to Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC): A Case-Control Study in Eastern Chinese Populations

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai, China.
Annals of Surgical Oncology (Impact Factor: 3.93). 12/2011; 19(7):2403-10. DOI: 10.1245/s10434-011-2160-y
Source: PubMed


A novel variant rs2274223 located in the phospholipase C epsilon 1 (PLCE1) gene was found to be associated with risk of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by 2 large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in Chinese populations. In this study, we aimed to assess such an association in an eastern Chinese population and to address its possibly functional role in the etiology of ESCC.
A total of 1061 ESCC cases and 1211 controls were recruited and successfully genotyped for 2 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2274223 and rs11187870) of the PLCE1 gene by the TaqMan assay. Real-time PCR and immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis were applied to assess mRNA and protein expression levels, respectively, in a subset of tumor samples.
SNP rs2274223 was independently associated with risk of ESCC (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 1.49; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.03-2.17 for GG vs AA), and SNP rs11187870 was also found to be associated with risk of ESCC assuming a dominant model (adjusted OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.00-1.44 for CG/CC vs GG). The Grs2274223Crs11187870 haplotype increased the risk for ESCC by 1.22-fold (95% CI, 1.04-1.42). Further experiments showed that overall PLCE1 mRNA expression was lower in tumor than in paired normal tissues (0.067±0.016 vs 0.264±0.067, P<.05), and the IHC analysis showed the normal tissues of rs2274223 GG genotype had a lower PLCE1 staining score than that of the AG genotype (0.40±0.22 vs 1.33±0.32, P<.05).
PLCE1 SNP rs2274223 A>G change may reduce gene expression, and the variant G genotypes might contribute to risk of ESCC.

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    • "Because mutations in the RAS gene family are associated with approximately 30% of all human cancers, several studies have investigated the possible role of PLCE1 mutations in cancer development and progression [12–15,33]. PLCE1 has been reported to have multiple mutation points such as rs2274223, rs11187870 and rs3765524 [17,19,28]. All these studies discussed the relationship between the rs2274223 gene variant and the ESCC or gastric cancer risk. "
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    ABSTRACT: In recent years, the PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphism has been extensively investigated as a potential risk factor for upper gastrointestinal cancers, including squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and gastric cancer. However, the results of these studies have been inconsistent. A meta-analysis of 13 case-control studies was performed including more than 11,000 subjects with genotyped PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphisms. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were employed to assess the association of the PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphism with a susceptibility to ESCC or gastric cancer. A statistically significant increase in the risk of ESCC was associated with the PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphism. This included the homozygous genetic model (OR = 1.46), heterozygous genetic model (OR = 1.25) and allelic genetic model (OR = 1.23). Similar results were consistently found for gastric cancer. In a subgroup analysis, the PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphism was found to be a very sensitive marker for gastric cardia cancer as shown by the homozygous genetic model (OR = 2.23), heterozygous genetic model(OR = 1.59) and allelic genetic model (OR = 1.47). The risk associations of all of the gastric cardia cancer models were statistically significant. In contrast, none of the genetic models for non-cardia gastric cancer were significant. In this meta-analysis, the PLCE1 rs2274223 polymorphism was confirmed to have a statistically significant association with an increasing risk of ESCC and gastric cancer. The increase risk was especially observed for gastric cardia cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high prevalence in the Black and Mixed Ancestry populations of South Africa. Recently, three genome-wide association studies in Chinese populations identified five new OSCC susceptibility loci, including variants at PLCE1, C20orf54, PDE4D, RUNX1 and UNC5CL, but their contribution to disease risk in other populations is unknown. In this study, we report testing variants from these five loci for association with OSCC in the South African Black (407 cases and 849 controls) and Mixed Ancestry (257 cases and 860 controls) populations. The RUNX1 variant rs2014300, which reduced risk in the Chinese population, was associated with an increased risk of OSCC in the Mixed Ancestry population [odds ratio (OR) = 1.33, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.09–1.63, P = 0.0055], and none of the five loci were associated in the Black population. Since PLCE1 variants increased the risk of OSCC in all three Chinese studies, this gene was investigated further by sequencing in 46 Black South Africans. This revealed 48 variants, 10 of which resulted in amino acid substitutions, and much lower linkage disequilibrium across the PLCE1 locus than in the Chinese population. We genotyped five PLCE1 variants in cases and controls, and found association of Arg548Leu (rs17417407) with a reduced risk of OSCC (OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.60–0.93, P = 0.008) in the Black population. These findings indicate several differences in the genetic contribution to OSCC between the South African and Chinese populations that may be related to differences in their genetic architecture.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · Carcinogenesis
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    ABSTRACT: Background and aims: Phospholipase C epsilon 1 (PLCε1) may regulate cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis and angiogenesis and play an important role in carcinogenesis and the progression of several cancers. This study was designed to validate the association of the PLCε1 rs2274223 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) as identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and further assess whether the rs11599672 SNP could affect an individual's susceptibility to ESCC. Methods: These two SNPs were genotyped by polymerase chain reaction ligase detection reaction (PCR-LDR) in 527 ESCC patients and 527 controls. Results: Compared with the rs2274223 SNP AA genotype, other genotypes or combined genotypes all enhanced the risk of ESCC. Further analyses showed that AG/GG genotype carriers with a family history of upper gastrointestinal cancers (UGIC) had an increased risk of ESCC than those AA genotype carriers without UGIC family history (OR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.46-3.10). Overall, rs11599672 SNP had no influence on ESCC susceptibility. However, UGIC family history elevated the risk of ESCC for subjects with the TT genotype (OR = 1.59, 95% CI = 1.13-2.24). Conclusions: These results highlighted the role of a genetic factor in ESCC and suggested that the PLCε1 rs2274223 SNP might be an effective genetic marker to assess the risk of ESCC in individuals with a UGIC family history from a region of high incidence in northern China.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Archives of medical research
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