Atypical Extraventricular Neurocytoma

Department of Neurosurgery, Cancer Research Institute, Ischemic/Hypoxic Disease Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society (Impact Factor: 0.64). 10/2011; 50(4):381-4. DOI: 10.3340/jkns.2011.50.4.381
Source: PubMed


The authors report a case of atypical extraventricular neurocytoma (EVN) transformed from EVN which had been initially diagnosed as an oligodendroglioma 15 years ago. An 8-year-old boy underwent a surgical resection for a right frontal mass which was initially diagnosed as oligodendroglioma. When the tumor recurred 15 years later, a secondary operation was performed, followed by salvage gamma knife treatment. The recurrent tumor was diagnosed as an atypical EVN. The initial specimen was reviewed and immunohistochemistry revealed a strong positivity for synaptophysin. The diagnosis of the initial tumor was revised as an EVN. The patient maintained a stable disease state for 15 years after the first operation, and was followed up for one year without any complications or disease progression after the second operation. We diagnosed an atypical extraventricular neurocytoma transformed from EVN which had been initially diagnosed as an oligodendroglioma 15 years earlier. We emphasize that EVN should be included in the differential diagnosis of oligodendroglioma.

Download full-text


Available from: Sung-Hye Park
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Differentiating oligodendroglioma from extraventricular neurocytoma by conventional light microscopy alone can present a diagnostic challenge. We report pathologic findings of an unusual spinal cord tumor from a 33-year-old male patient which showed hybrid features of oligodendroglioma and extraventricular neurocytoma. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed an enhancing intramedullary mass in the cervicothoracic region (C7 through T6). Histologic examination revealed a clear cell neoplasm containing ganglion-like cells and calcifications, prompting the differential diagnosis of oligodendroglioma and extraventricular neurocytoma. The immunohistochemical analysis disclosed neural differentiation of the neoplastic cells with strong synaptophysin and neurofilament staining consistent with extraventricular neurocytoma, as well as strong S-100 and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) expression. Molecular studies with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) revealed chromosome 1p/(partial) 19q deletions, a finding commonly observed in oligodendroglioma. The proliferation index (using antibody MIB1) of the tumor was approximately 30%. The morphologic findings and these results strengthen the hypothesis that these tumors may share a common progenitor cell, which has also been observed by others. Because there are differences in patient management and long-term prognosis, it is important to attempt to distinguish between oligodendroglioma and neurocytoma. This unusual case and similar rare reported cases support the need to reclassify tumors showing pathologic features common to both neurocytoma and oligodendroglioma as a unique entity, while the effort continues to identify the cell of origin.
    No preview · Article · May 2007 · Journal of Neuro-Oncology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neurocytoma, a rare brain tumor, is characterized by a mass located mainly in cerebral ventricles. It is prone to be misdiagnosed as oligodendroglioma or ependymoma due to their similar histopathological features in clinical practice. This study aimed to examine the clinicopathological features and differential diagnosis of central and extraventricular neurocytoma. The clinical and histopathological data of 17 patients (male: female=7:10; age: 4-41 years; mean age: 27.4 years) with central or extraventricular neurocytoma were retrospectively analyzed. These patients showed typical radiological, histopathological and immunohistochemical features of neurocytoma. The tumor tissue was found to be composed of small uniform cells with round nuclei and clear cytoplasm resembling that of oligodendroglioma and ependymoma. Immunohistochemistry revealed the tumor tissues were positive for neuronal markers such as synaptophysin (SYN) and neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN). It was concluded histopathological features of neurocytoma overlaps with some tumors in the central neural system. Immunopositivity for SYN and NeuN can help differentially diagnose neurocytoma.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A 42-year-old woman had suffered from headaches since April 2009. Computed tomography revealed a tumor with marked calcification in the left frontal lobe adjacent to the left anterior horn of the lateral ventricle. T1-weighted gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-enhanced tumor at the lesion. Dynamic methionine positron emission tomography showed no delayed methionine attenuation. Initial preoperative diagnosis was extraventricular neurocytoma (EVN). However, oligodendroglioma was determined upon a second diagnosis. The patient underwent total tumor removal. Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed the characteristic fried egg-like cells, round nuclei, and immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for glial fibrillary acidic protein, synaptophysin, neuronal nuclear antigen, microtubule-associated protein 2 and Olig2. The MIB-1 labeling index was 20%, which suggested malignancy. Although these findings demonstrated that the tumor had glioneuronal character, it was difficult to differentiate between EVN and oligodendroglioma. There have been reports that Olig2 immunohistochemistry is generally positive in cases of oligodendroglioma, but not in cases of neurocytoma. We completed the diagnosis as oligodendroglioma. Subsequent electron microscopy results presented oligodendroglial but not neuronal characteristics. We concluded that Olig2 is useful in the differential diagnosis of oligodendrogliomas and EVNs.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2011 · Brain Tumor Pathology
Show more