Evaluation of the Recommended Core Components of Cardiac Rehabilitation Practice
Guidelines have been established that describe recommended core components for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs; yet, there are no national efforts to monitor the integration of the guidelines. The purpose of this research was to describe incorporation of core components in CR programs.
This was a cross-sectional study using the Ohio Phase II Cardiac Rehabilitation Survey. Descriptive analyses were stratified on American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR) certification, case management, and staff mix.
Sixty-six percent (n = 94) of programs responded, 39% (n = 37) were AACVPR certified, 40% (n = 38) used case management, and 73% (n = 75) staffed an exercise physiologist. Notable findings included that only 44% of programs obtained/performed a 12-lead electrocardiogram and 36% screened for depression. AACVPR-certified programs compared with uncertified programs were more likely to manage overweight/obesity (100% vs 84% instruct on weight control, respectively, P = .02) and perform health assessments upon admission (89% vs 70% respectively, P = .04). Programs using case management when compared with programs that did not use case management were more likely to administer a health survey (92% vs 65%, respectively, P = .003) and risk stratify (100% vs 84%, respectively, P = .02). Programs with an exercise physiologist were more likely to administer/obtain a stress test when compared with those without an exercise physiologist (78% vs 56%, respectively, P = .04).
There was a lack of consistency in the incorporation of core component guidelines; certification, case management, and staff mix offered little improvement. This study provides direction for statewide quality improvement initiatives to improve care delivered in CR programs.
Available from: Peter Andrew Polyzotis
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Cardiac rehabilitation programs develop in accordance with guidelines, but also in response to local needs and resources. This study evaluated features of Ontario cardiac rehabilitation programs in accordance with guidelines, emerging evidence and treating underserved populations.
In this cross-sectional study, all Ontario cardiac rehabilitation programs were mailed an investigator-generated survey. Responses were received from 38 of 45 (84.4%) programs.
Twenty-seven (71.1%) cardiac rehabilitation programs were located within a hospital. Twenty-four (63.2%) programs reported that they offer two sessions of exercise and education per week. Twenty-six (68.4%) programs offered an alternative model of program delivery other than on-site, with 10 (27.0%) programs reporting they tailored their programs to rural patients. Twenty-three (62.2%) programs provided services to patients with a noncardiac primary indication. Twenty-six (68.4%) programs systematically screened patients for depressive symptoms. Twenty-seven (71.1%) offered resources to patients postgraduation.
Most cardiac rehabilitation programs offered alternative models of care, such as home-based rehabilitation. Cardiac rehabilitation sites are well integrated within their community, enabling smooth postcardiac rehabilitation transitions for patients. Cardiac rehabilitation programs continue to offer proven comprehensive components, while simultaneously attempting to adapt to meet the needs of patients with other chronic diseases.
Available from: sciencedirect.com
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ABSTRACT: Los Factores de Riesgo Cardiovascular (FRC) son la base para la aparición de enfermedades cardiovasculares, establecen una fuente de discapacidad social, laboral y familiar y contribuyen al incremento de la mortalidad general. Para tratarlos contamos con fármacos y medidas higiénicas dietéticas, entre las que destacamos al ejercicio. El concepto de rehabilitación cardiovascular multitrat es importante tanto desde lo médico (equipo multidisciplinario) como desde el paciente (paciente y familia). Prescribir ejercicio a personas que durante la mayor parte de su vida han sido sedentarias, modificar hábitos y costumbres es difícil. La prescripción es individual, requiere de una evaluación y se adecuará a las posibilidades de ejecución, debe tener un inicio prudente, aumentar progresivamente su intensidad y planificarse por un largo período con sesiones similar a un cardiópata en rehabilitación cardiovascular. El ejercicio es una herramienta central pero el concepto multitrat involucra una novedosa cantidad de elementos imprescindibles para pretender un éxito significativo en el tratamiento de la enfermedad cardiovascular.
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Numerous studies have documented suboptimal adherence to guideline recommendations in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD(SP)). Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are continuously developed to define appropriate patient care, aiming to reduce risk of morbidity and death. The Medication Assessment Tool for CHD(SP) (MAT-CHD(SP)) was developed to assess adherence to CPGs concerning medication therapy and follow-up of patients with CHD(SP). The aim of this study was to explore whether the MAT-CHD(SP) could be applied retrospectively to assess guideline adherence and therapy goal achievement in secondary prevention of CHD.
We collected data from electronic medical records of all patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with stent implantation from January to March 2008 (n = 300) and applied the MAT-CHD(SP). We measured time for data collection and MAT application and tested reproducibility by calculating Cohen's kappa (κ) value for inter and intraobserver agreement.
A total of 247 MAT applications were analyzed, showing overall applicability of 66 % of the 4,446 MAT-CHD(SP) criteria and a high reproducibility of MAT-CHD(SP) application (κ values 0.93 and 0.95 for intra- and interobserver agreement, respectively). Mean time for data collection and MAT-CHD(SP) application was 11 min. Adherence to criteria concerning prescription was high (>75 %), but achievement of therapy goals for cholesterol and blood pressure was low (<50 %). Documentation of lifestyle advice achieved intermediate (50-75 %) or low adherence, as did therapy amendments in patients in whom therapy goals were unachieved at hospital admission.
The MAT-CHD(SP) offers a means to identify both adherence and nonadherence to CPGs concerning CHD(SP) is applicable in retrospective assessment of CHD(SP), and identifies potentials for improved patient care.
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