Comparison of the Pediatric Voice Handicap Index With Perceptual Voice Analysis in Pediatric Patients With Vocal Fold Lesions

ArticleinArchives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery 137(12):1258-62 · December 2011with32 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.33 · DOI: 10.1001/archoto.2011.193 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    To compare a subjective patient/family-derived voice handicap survey with an expert observer-derived method of evaluating voice disturbance in pediatric patients with vocal fold lesions (VFLs).
    Retrospective review.
    Tertiary care referral center.
    Thirty-eight children with VFLs referred for voice evaluation.
    Pediatric Voice Handicap Index (pVHI) scores and Consensus Auditory-Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V) scores. Percentages for CAPE-V (100-point scale) and pVHI (92-point scale) were calculated for direct comparisons. Relationships between pVHI scores and CAPE-V scores were investigated using the Spearman rank correlation.
    Thirty-eight patients with VFLs (median age, 8.3 years; age range, 4.2-17.2 years; 63% males) were included from a database of more than 600 children and evaluated between November 15, 2005, and June 15, 2010. The median CAPE-V overall score was 30.3 (range, 1-67), and the normalized total pVHI score was 29.3 (range, 0-73) (P = .90). The Spearman rank correlation showed significant fair correlations between CAPE-V overall and functional pVHI and between CAPE-V strain and breathiness, and the pVHI total, functional, but none higher than ρ = 0.44 (P ≤ .03). The correlation was higher in males for CAPE-V loudness to total pVHI (ρ = 0.40, P = .04) and in females for CAPE-V breathiness (ρ = 0.58, P = .03) and strain (ρ = 0.55, P = .04) to total pVHI.
    The CAPE-V and the pVHI are useful tools in the measurement of voice outcomes in children with VFLs. There are fair correlations between the CAPE-V and the pVHI, and they likely evaluate important yet different aspects of voice disturbance. Significant gender differences in these correlations should be further evaluated in future studies.