Article

In-Medium Properties of Vector Mesons in a Transport Approach

05/2011;
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT

We present dilepton spectra from p+p and p+Nb collisions at a kinetic beam
energy of 3.5 GeV, which were simulated with the GiBUU transport model assuming
different in-medium scenarios. We compare these spectra to preliminary HADES
data and show that GiBUU can describe the data reasonably well. Our simulations
indicate that the intermediate dilepton-mass region is sensitive to the N-Delta
electromagnetic transition form factor, which up to now is unmeasured in the
time-like region.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Janus Weil
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this review we first outline the basics of transport theory and its recent generalization to off-shell transport. We then present in some detail the main ingredients of any transport method using in particular the Giessen Boltzmann-Uehling-Uhlenbeck (GiBUU) implementation of this theory as an example. We discuss the potentials used, the ground state initialization and the collision term, including the in-medium modifications of the latter. The central part of this review covers applications of GiBUU to a wide class of reactions, starting from pion-induced reactions over proton and antiproton reactions on nuclei to heavy-ion collisions (up to about 30 AGeV). A major part concerns also the description of photon-, electron- and neutrino-induced reactions (in the energy range from a few 100 MeV to a few 100 GeV). For this wide class of reactions GiBUU gives an excellent description with the same physics input and the same code being used. We argue that GiBUU is an indispensable tool for any investigation of nuclear reactions in which final-state interactions play a role. Studies of pion-nucleus interactions, nuclear fragmentation, heavy ion reactions, hyper nucleus formation, hadronization, color transparency, electron-nucleus collisions and neutrino-nucleus interactions are all possible applications of GiBUU and are discussed in this article.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Physics Reports
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present dilepton spectra from p+p, d+p and p+Nb reactions at SIS energies, which were simulated with the GiBUU transport model in a resonance model approach. These spectra are compared to the data published by the HADES and DLS collaborations. It is shown that the $\rho$ spectral function includes non-trivial effects already in elementary reactions, due to production via baryon resonances, which can yield large contributions to the dilepton spectrum. Dilepton spectra from nuclear reactions in the energy range of the HADES experiment are thus found to be sensitive also to properties of nucleon resonances in the nuclear medium.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2012 · European Physical Journal A
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the inclusive invariant mass, transverse momentum and rapidity distributions of dielectrons (e+e- pairs) in p+p interactions at 3.5GeV beam kinetic energy. In the vector meson mass region, a distinct peak corresponding to direct ω decays is reconstructed with a 2% mass resolution. The data is compared to predictions from three model calculations. Due to the large acceptance of the HADES apparatus for e+e- invariant masses above 0.2 GeV/c 2 and for transverse pair momenta p t < 1 GeV/c, acceptance corrections are, to a large extent, model independent. This allows us to extract from dielectron data for the first time at this energy the inclusive production cross-sections for light vector mesons. Inclusive production cross-sections for π0 and η mesons are also reported. The obtained results will serve as an important reference for the study of vector meson production in proton-nucleus and heavy-ion collisions. Furthermore, using this data, an improved value for the upper bound of the branching ratio for direct η decays into the electron-positron channel is obtained.
    Full-text · Article · May 2012 · European Physical Journal A
Show more