Bioactive polar compounds from stem bark of Magnolia officinalis
Two new phenylethanoid glycosides magnoloside D (1) and E (2), together with nine known compounds, were isolated from the polar part of methanol extract of the stem bark of Magnolia officinalis. The structures of the new compounds were established on the basis of spectral analysis. Anti-spasmodic activity of four major constituents (3, 4, 9 and 11) was tested in isolated colon of rat, compounds 3, 4, and 9 showed inhibition against acetylcholine, with the effect similar to that of magnolol and honokiol. At the same time, antioxidant activity of the isolated compounds was investigated using a DPPH and an ORAC assay. All of the compounds, except compound 8 showed potent antioxidant capacity in the ORAC assay, while compounds 1-5 and 11 exhibited potent antioxidant activity in the DPPH assay.