Two-partner secretion of gram-negative bacteria: A single β-barrel protein enables transport across the outer membrane

Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Zentrum für Biochemie und Molekulare Zellforschung, University of Freiburg, 79104 Freiburg, Germany.
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.57). 12/2011; 287(4):2591-9. DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M111.293068
Source: PubMed


The mechanisms of protein secretion by pathogenic bacteria remain poorly understood. In gram-negative bacteria, the two-partner secretion pathway exports large, mostly virulence-related "TpsA" proteins across the outer membrane via their dedicated "TpsB" transporters. TpsB transporters belong to the ubiquitous Omp85 superfamily, whose members are involved in protein translocation across, or integration into, cellular membranes. The filamentous hemagglutinin/FhaC pair of Bordetella pertussis is a model two-partner secretion system. We have reconstituted the TpsB transporter FhaC into proteoliposomes and demonstrate that FhaC is the sole outer membrane protein required for translocation of its cognate TpsA protein. This is the first in vitro system for analyzing protein secretion across the outer membrane of gram-negative bacteria. Our data also provide clear evidence for the protein translocation function of Omp85 transporters.

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    ABSTRACT: The two-partner secretion (TPS) pathway is a branch of type V secretion. TPS systems are dedicated to the secretion across the outer membrane of long proteins that form extended β-helices. They are composed of a 'TpsA' cargo protein and a 'TpsB' transporter, which belongs to the Omp85 superfamily. This basic design can be supplemented by additional components in some TPS systems. X-ray structures are available for the conserved TPS domain of several TpsA proteins and for one TpsB transporter. However, the molecular mechanisms of two-partner secretion remain to be deciphered, and in particular, the specific role(s) of the TPS domain and the conformational dynamics of the TpsB transporter. Deciphering the TPS pathway may reveal functional features of other transporters of the Omp85 superfamily.
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