Electrogenic events upon photolysis of CO from fully reduced cytochrome c oxidase

Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (Impact Factor: 4.66). 11/2011; 1817(2):269-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbabio.2011.11.005
Source: PubMed


CO photolysis from fully reduced Paracoccus denitrificans aa(3)-type cytochrome c oxidase in the absence of O(2) was studied by time-resolved potential electrometry. Surprisingly, photo dissociation of the uncharged carbon monoxide results in generation of a small-amplitude electric potential with the same sign as the physiological charge separation during activity. The number of electrogenic events after CO photolysis depends on the state of the enzyme. CO photolysis following immediately after activation by an enzymatic turnover, showed a two-component potential development. A fast (~1.5μs) phase was followed by slower potential generation with a time constant varying from 8μs at pH 7 to 250μs at pH 10. The amplitude of the fast phase was independent of the time of incubation after enzyme activation, whereas the slower phase vanished with a time constant of ~25min. CO photolysis from enzyme that had not undergone a prior single turnover showed the fast phase, but the amplitude of the slow phase was reduced to 10-30%. The amplitude of the fast phase corresponds to charge movement of 0.83Å perpendicular to the membrane dielectric, and is independent of the time after enzyme activation. Thus it can be used as an internal ruler for normalization of the electrogenic responses of CcO. The slow phase was absent in the K354M mutant with a blocked proton-conducting K channel. We propose that CO photolysis increases the pK of the K354 residue, which results in its partial protonation, and generation of electric potential.

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Available from: Ilya Belevich, Feb 18, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: The metabolism of aerobic life uses the conversion of molecular oxygen to water as energy source. This reaction is catalyzed by cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) consuming four electrons and four protons, which move along specific routes. While all four electrons are transferred via the same cofactors to the binuclear reaction center (BNC), the protons take two different routes in the A-type CcO, i.e., two of the four chemical protons consumed in the reaction arrive via the D-channel in the oxidative first half starting after oxygen binding. The other two chemical protons enter via the K-channel in the reductive second half of the reaction cycle. To date, the mechanism behind these separate proton transport pathways has not been understood. In this study, we propose a model that can explain the reaction-step specific opening and closing of the K-channel by conformational and pKA changes of its central lysine 362. Molecular dynamics simulations reveal an upward movement of Lys362 towards the BNC, which had already been supposed by several experimental studies. Redox-state dependent pKA calculations provide evidence that Lys362 may protonate transiently, thereby opening the K-channel only in the reductive second half of the reaction cycle. From our results, we develop a model that assigns a key role to Lys362 in the proton gating between the two proton input channels of the A-type CcO.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics