Synthesis of Rocaglamide Hydroxamates and Related Compounds as Eukaryotic Translation Inhibitors: Synthetic and Biological Studies

Department of Chemistry, Center for Chemical Methodology and Library Development (CMLD-BU), Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (Impact Factor: 5.45). 11/2011; 55(1):558-62. DOI: 10.1021/jm201263k
Source: PubMed


The rocaglates/rocaglamides are a class of natural products known to display potent anticancer activity. One such derivative, silvestrol, has shown activity comparable to taxol in certain settings. Here, we report the synthesis of various rocaglamide analogues and identification of a hydroxamate derivative (-)-9 having activity similar to silvestrol in vitro and ex vivo for inhibition of protein synthesis. We also show that (-)-9 synergizes with doxorubicin in vivo to reduce Eμ-Myc driven lymphomas.

  • Source

    Preview · Article · Dec 2011 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The oncogenic MUC1 C-terminal subunit (MUC1-C) subunit is aberrantly overexpressed in most human breast cancers by mechanisms that are not well understood. The present studies demonstrate that stimulation of non-malignant MCF-10A cells with epidermal growth factor (EGF) or heregulin (HRG) results in marked upregulation of MUC1-C translation. Growth factor-induced MUC1-C translation was found to be mediated by PI3KAKT, and not by MEKERK1/2, signaling. We also show that activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)ribosomal protein S6 kinase 1 (S6K1) pathway decreases tumor suppressor programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4), an inhibitor of the eIF4A RNA helicase, and contributes to the induction of MUC1-C translation. In concert with these results, treatment of growth factor-stimulated MCF-10A cells with the eIF4A RNA helicase inhibitors, silvestrol and CR-1-31-B, blocked increases in MUC1-C abundance. The functional significance of the increase in MUC1-C translation is supported by the demonstration that MUC1-C, in turn, forms complexes with EGF receptor (EGFR) and promotes EGFR-mediated activation of the PI3KAKT pathway and the induction of growth. Compared with MCF-10A cells, constitutive overexpression of MUC1-C in breast cancer cells was unaffected by EGF stimulation, but was blocked by inhibiting PI3KAKT signaling. The overexpression of MUC1-C in breast cancer cells was also inhibited by blocking eIF4A RNA helicase activity with silvestrol and CR-1-31-B. These findings indicate that EGF-induced MUC1-C expression is mediated by the PI3KAKT pathway and the eIF4A RNA helicase, and that this response promotes EGFR signaling in an autoinductive loop. The findings also indicate that targeting the eIF4A RNA helicase is a novel approach for blocking MUC1-C overexpression in breast cancer cells.Oncogene advance online publication, 11 June 2012; doi:10.1038/onc.2012.236.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2012 · Oncogene
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have previously reported development of biomimetic, asymmetric [3 + 2] photocycloadditions between 3-hydroxyflavones and cinnamate dipolarophiles to access (-)-rocaglamide and related natural products. Herein, we describe enantioselective syntheses of aglain cycloadducts leading to the first total syntheses and absolute configuration assignments of the aglain natural products (+)-ponapensin and (+)-elliptifoline.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2012 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
Show more