FcγRIIa and FcγRIIIa genetic polymorphisms in a group of pediatric immune thrombocytopenic purpura in Egypt

Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.
Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis: an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis (Impact Factor: 1.4). 11/2011; 23(1):64-8. DOI: 10.1097/MBC.0b013e32834ddf2f
Source: PubMed


Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an acquired autoimmune disorder caused by the production of antiplatelet antibodies. The current case-control study aimed at detecting the frequency of FcγRIIa-131H/R and FcγRIIIa-158F/V genes polymorphism in Egyptian children with ITP as genetic markers for ITP risk, and to clear out their possible role in choosing the treatment protocols of ITP. To achieve this aim, FcγRIIa genotyping was tested by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique, whereas FcγRIIIa genotyping was tested by nested PCR followed RFLP analysis. The current case-control study was conducted on 92 children with ITP; 12 acute and 80 chronic cases and 90 controls. The V allele and FcγRIIIa FV heterotype were significantly higher in ITP patients and conferred increased ITP risk [odds ratio (OR) = 1.96 and 2.55, respectively]. The frequency of FcγRIIa H allele was significantly higher among chronic ITP patients. In conclusion, FcγRIIIa gene polymorphism may contribute to susceptibility to ITP. Moreover, analysis of the FcγR polymorphisms in ITP patients could influence the effectiveness of medications and selection of the line of treatment.

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    ABSTRACT: Idiopathic (immune) thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a heterogeneous clinical disorder characterized by immune-mediated platelet destruction. Epigenetic changes in gene expression, including DNA methylation and histone modifications, might contribute to autoimmunity. Polymorphisms of the DNA methyltransferase 3B (DNMT3B) gene may influence DNMT3B activity on DNA methylation and increase the susceptibility to several diseases. The current study investigated the association between a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter of DNMT3B gene and the risk for ITP in pediatric Egyptians. DNMT3B SNP was genotyped by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 71pediatric ITP patients and 82 healthy controls matched for age and sex. The C/C wild genotype was not detected in ITP patients or in the controls. The frequencies of the T/T and C/T genotypes were 93.9 and 6.1% in the controls and 91.5 and 6.1% in ITP patients, respectively. There was no significant difference in either genotypes or allelic distribution between ITP patients and the controls. In conclusion, this polymorphism was almost equally distributed between ITP patients and the controls. These results demonstrated that this SNP may not be used as a stratification marker to predict the susceptibility to childhood ITP in Egypt.
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    ABSTRACT: Over the past decades, a wealth of information has been reported about the pathogenic features of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). To this day, however, it is unclear whether the immune abnormalities associated with ITP play causative roles in the disease or are secondary epiphenomena brought on by the inflammatory processes that are associated with the disorder. Like the majority of all autoimmune diseases, ITP is an organ-specific disease and abnormalities in immune cell types, such as antigen-presenting cells (APC), T cells and B cells have been shown to play some sort of role in the initiation and/or perpetuation of the disease. This review will discuss recent advances in understanding three immune cells important in ITP pathophysiology: APC, T cells and B cells, and will review how they interact with each other to initiate and perpetuate ITP, particularly the chronic form of the disorder. It will also focus on new data related to the genetics of the disorder and discuss relevant animal models of ITP.
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    ABSTRACT: Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by antibody-mediated platelet destruction. The platelet, as an accessible target, has made ITP an attractive disorder in the study of autoimmunity. However, the pathogenesis of ITP has proven complex with diverse pre-existing challenges to the immune system in the form of infection, genetic predisposition, underlying autoimmune repertoire, inhibition of platelet production, perturbations of cell mediated affector and effector pathways, sequestered harbors within lymphoid organs, and responsiveness to intervention. This chapter surveys key new insights into the pathogenesis of ITP and attempts to integrate them into a model that may serve as a template for future investigation.
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