Synovial sarcoma of the cauda equina. Case report

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Juntendo University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Journal of neurosurgery. Spine (Impact Factor: 2.38). 11/2011; 16(2):187-90. DOI: 10.3171/2011.10.SPINE11359
Source: PubMed


Primary synovial sarcoma originating from the cauda equina is extremely rare. Only one case, involving an 11-year-old girl, has been reported. The authors describe the case of a 23-year-old woman with a primary synovial sarcoma of the cauda equina. The patient visited a local hospital and described a 2-month history of low-back pain. She was referred to the authors' hospital for further evaluation. On physical examination, she had a straight-leg raising result of 70° bilaterally. Motor examination revealed Grade 4/5 strength in the bilateral extensor hallux longus muscles. There was normal sensation to light touch and vibration in the lower extremities. Sagittal Gd-enhanced T1-weighted MR imaging demonstrated an intradural, extramedullary, and uniformly enhancing mass that extended from L-3 to L-4. The mass was totally resected and adjuvant local radiation therapy was administered. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) of a paraffin-embedded tissue sample revealed SYT-SSX fusion transcripts, and the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma was confirmed. Five and a half years after surgery, the patient is free of local recurrence and metastatic disease. The RT-PCR detection of SYT-SSX fusion transcripts played a key role in establishing the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma of the cauda equina. Complete resection of the mass with adjuvant local radiation therapy proved to be effective.

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Available from: Tsuyoshi Saito, Feb 02, 2015