Characteristics of premenopausal and postmenopausal women with acquired, generalized Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder: The Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder Registry for women
Department of Epidemiology, New England Research Institutes Inc., Watertown, MA 02472, USA. Menopause (New York, N.Y.)
(Impact Factor: 3.36).
11/2011; 19(4):396-405. DOI: 10.1097/gme.0b013e318230e286
Little is known about the natural history of hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). We examined the sociodemographic, relationship, help seeking, sexual function, and medical characteristics of women with a clinical diagnosis of generalized, acquired HSDD by menopause status.
This study was a cross-sectional baseline data analysis from the HSDD Registry for Women (N = 1,574, from 33 US clinical sites). HSDD was clinically diagnosed and confirmed. Validated measures of sexual function, relationship factors, and health, as well as newly developed questions on help seeking were assessed using the questionnaire.
Participants were predominantly married or living with a partner (81.7%) and represented a range of race/ethnic backgrounds and ages (mean ± SD, 42.9 ± 11.9 y). Most (56.8%) described their HSDD severity as "moderate to severe," with 26.5% rating the problem severe. Nonetheless, most women (69.8%) reported being happy in their relationship, and 61.8% were satisfied with their partner communication. Postmenopausal women had lower Female Sexual Function Index total scores, indicating worse sexual function (14.0 ± 7.5) than premenopausal women (16.7 ± 6.8, P < 0.001), although both groups had similarly low scores on the sexual desire domain (3.4 ± 1.3 vs 3.3 ± 1.4). Less than half of the overall sample had sought professional help, among whom hormonal treatments had been used by 23.7% of postmenopausal women and by 7.6% of premenopausal women.
Most women with HSDD were in long-term partner relationships with high levels of overall relationship satisfaction. Postmenopausal women were more likely to seek help for their disorder, despite similarly high levels of distress associated with HSDD. Further research is needed to examine treatment outcomes.
Available from: Ferdinando Fiorino
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ABSTRACT: Serotonin is a neuromediator, well-know for its implication in mood regulation, anxiety, depression and, insomnia as well as in normal human function such as sleep, sexual activity and appetite. In this way, serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is one of the most attractive targets for medicinal chemists and pharmaceutical companies. Among 5-HTRs, the 5-HT1A subtype is the best studied, and it is generally accepted that it is involved in psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression. Several structurally different compounds are known to bind 5-HT1A receptor sites such as aminotetralins, ergolines, arylpiperazines, indolylalkylamines, aporphines and aryloxyalkyl-amines. In this review, we report an overview of the 5-HT1A receptor ligands, belonging to different chemical classes.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction. Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder (HSDD) is a common form of Female Sexual Dysfunction characterized by low sexual desire that causes distress or interpersonal difficulty.
Aim. This 52-week open-label extension study aimed to assess the safety and tolerability of flibanserin, a postsynaptic 5-HT1A agonist/5-HT2A antagonist, in women with HSDD.
Methods. Women with HSDD who had completed a trial of flibanserin or flibanserin placebo received flexible-dose flibanserin (50 or 100 mg once daily at bedtime [qhs] or 25 or 50 mg twice daily [bid]) for 52 weeks.
Main Outcome Measures. Primary end points were: proportions of women with somnolence, sedation, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting (adverse events [AEs] known to be associated with flibanserin); discontinuations due to AEs; and serious AEs. Secondary end points included change from baseline in Female Sexual Distress Scale-Revised total and Item 13 scores and Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) total and desire domain score scores. FSFI total scores were used to classify women into FSFI remitters (FSFI score >26.55, indicating no clinical sexual dysfunction) and FSFI non-remitters (FSFI score <26.55).
Results. Of the 1723 women who received flibanserin, 962 (55.8%) completed 12 months' treatment, and 883 women were exposed to flibanserin 100 mg qhs for ≥180 days. Somnolence, sedation, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting were reported by 15.8, 1.6, 7.6, 6.9, 6.3, and 1.4% of participants, respectively. A total of 185 participants (10.7%) discontinued due to AEs. Serious AEs were reported by 1.2% of participants. At study end, 42% of baseline non-remitters had improved their FSFI score to remission level. The proportion of baseline FSFI remitters in remission rose from 83% at week 4 to a stable value of ∼90%.
Conclusion. Flibanserin was well tolerated. Sexual function improved in women who were not FSFI remitters at baseline, and was maintained in those who were remitters at baseline. Jayne C, Simon JA, Taylor LV, Kimura T, and Lesko LM. Open-label extension study of flibanserin in women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. J Sex Med 2012;9:3180–3188.
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