Six-year experience of permanent prostate brachytherapy for clinically localized prostate cancer

Department of Urology, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
Hiroshima journal of medical sciences 09/2011; 60(3):51-6.
Source: PubMed


This report presents the outcome of prostate permanent brachytherapy (PPB). One hundred and seventy-two patients with clinically localized prostate cancer were treated with permanent brachytherapy using iodine-125 seeds (125-I) at Hiroshima University Hospital from July 2004 to June 2010. This study evaluated the efficacy of PPB in these patients. The median patient age was 69 years (range 53 to 82 years), the median prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value before biopsy was 6.75 ng/ml (range 3.5 to 47.9 ng/ml), and the median prostate volume was 23.1 ml (range 10.1 to 57 ml). The median follow-up was 37 months (range 1 to 72 months). The serum PSA levels decreased continuously after PPB throughout the entire follow-up period in 97% of patients without neoadjuvant hormonal therapy. No relapse occurred during the follow-up period in patients at low risk. Our 6-year experience suggests that PPB is effective for localized prostate cancer. Patients with prostate cancer that does not require combined external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) have the best chance of responding to treatment.

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    • "Although follow-up times have not been sufficient, favorable results have been reported from several other Japanese institutions [11,17,18]. Almost a decade after its introduction, it appears that 125I interstitial brachytherapy has successfully provided a safe and effective treatment for Japanese prostate cancer patients. "
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    ABSTRACT: Data from 305 Japanese men with low-risk (n = 175) or intermediate-risk (n = 130) prostate cancer who underwent (125)I monotherapy were retrospectively analyzed. Of the 305 patients, 93 received hormonal therapy for a median of 6 months (range, 1-33 months) before implantation. The prescribed dose to the prostate plus 3- to 5-mm margin was set at 145 Gy. The mean dose to 90% of the prostate volume at 1 month (D90) and the prostate volume receiving at least 100% dose at 1 month (V100) were 173.4 Gy and 95.8%, respectively. The median follow-up was 66 months (range, 12-94 months). The 5-year biochemical non-evidence of disease rate was 95.5% (low-risk, 94.2%; intermediate-risk, 97.3%). The 5-year freedom from clinical failure rate was 98.9% (low-risk, 98.9%; intermediate-risk, 99.2%).The initial prostate-specific antigen level was identified as a significant predictive factor for biochemical recurrence (P = 0.029). The late Grade 3 genitourinary toxicity rate was 2.0%. No patients displayed late gastrointestinal toxicity of Grade 3 or worse. Monotherapy with (125)I showed excellent outcomes with limited morbidity for Japanese men with low- and intermediate-risk prostate cancer after 5 years of follow-up.
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