Efficacy of Hemivertebra Resection for Congenital Scoliosis A Multicenter Retrospective Comparison of Three Surgical Techniques

Orthopedic Surgery, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, CA, USA.
Spine (Impact Factor: 2.3). 11/2011; 36(24):2052-60. DOI: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318233f4bb
Source: PubMed


Multicenter, retrospective study.
To compare the outcomes of three surgical treatments for congenital spinal deformity due to a hemivertebra.
Congenital anomalies of the spine can cause significant and progressive scoliosis and kyphosis. Their management may be challenging and controversy remains over the "best" surgical treatment.
A multicenter retrospective study of patients with congenital spinal deformity due to 1 or 2 level hemivertebra(e) was performed. The surgical treatments included hemiepiphysiodesis or in situ fusion (group 1), instrumented fusion without hemivertebra excision (group 2), or instrumented hemivertebra excision (group 3).
Seventy-six patients with minimum 2-year follow-up were evaluated. The mean age was 8 years (range: 1-18). The hemivertebra were fully segmented, nonincarcerated (67%), incarcerated (1%), and semisegmented (32%). There were 65 patients with single hemivertebra and 11 patients with double hemivertebra. There were 14 (18.4%) group 1, 20 (26.3%) group 2, and 42 (55.3%) group 3 patients. Group 1 (37 ± 14°) and group 3 (35 ± 26°) patients had smaller preoperative curves than group 2 patients (55 ± 26°) (P < 0.01). Group 3 had better percent correction at 2 years than groups 1 and 2 (P < 0.001). Group 3 had shorter fusion (P = 0.001), less estimated blood loss (EBL, P = 0.03), and a trend toward shorter operative times than group 2 (P = 0.10). The overall complication rate for the entire group was 30% group 1 (23%), group 2 (17%), and group 3 (44%) (P = 0.09).
While hemivertebra resection for congenital scoliosis had a higher complication rate than either hemiepiphysiodesis/in situ fusion or instrumentated fusion without resection, posterior hemivertebra resection in younger patients resulted in better percent correction than the other two techniques.

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    ABSTRACT: Early Onset Scoliosis (EOS) may be associated with long-term pulmonary morbidity, which is not commonly seen in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Initial evaluation is based on determining any underlying etiology related to congenital or syndromic conditions. Assessing the impact of scoliosis on thoracic development may help guide treatment, which is often required at a young age in these children to prevent irreversible pulmonary insufficiency. Treatment is based on multiple factors but may include non-surgical strategies, such as casting or bracing, along with growth-sparing surgical procedures using growing rods or chest wall expansion. Definitive fusion is rarely indicated in young patients. This chapter will cover the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of children with EOS.
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    No preview · Article · Nov 2012 · European Spine Journal
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