Article

Low concentrations of honey reduce biofilm formation, quorum sensing, and virulence in Escherichia coli O157:H7

School of Chemical Engineering, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, 712-74, Republic of Korea.
Biofouling (Impact Factor: 3.42). 11/2011; 27(10):1095-104. DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2011.633704
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Bacterial biofilms are associated with persistent infections due to their high resistance to antimicrobial agents. Hence, controlling pathogenic biofilm formation is important in bacteria-related diseases. Honey, at a low concentration of 0.5% (v/v), significantly reduced biofilm formation in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 without inhibiting the growth of planktonic cells. Conversely, this concentration did not inhibit commensal E. coli K-12 biofilm formation. Transcriptome analyses showed that honey significantly repressed curli genes (csgBAC), quorum sensing genes (AI-2 importer and indole biosynthesis), and virulence genes (LEE genes). Glucose and fructose in the honeys were found to be key components in reducing biofilm formation by E. coli O157:H7 through the suppression of curli production and AI-2 import. Furthermore, honey, glucose and fructose decreased the colonization of E. coli O157:H7 cells on human HT-29 epithelial cells. These results suggest that low concentrations of honey, such as in honeyed water, can be a practical means for reducing the colonization and virulence of pathogenic E. coli O157:H7.

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    • "A similar growth enhancement phenomenon was observed in other natural antimicrobials. For example, including 0.5% honey in LB medium slightly increased the growth of E. coli O157:H7 though it significantly inhibited E. coli O157:H7 biofilm formation (Lee, Park, et al., 2011). Similarly, inclusion of 5% broccoli extract enhanced the growth of E. coli O157:H7 (Lee, Lim, et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli O157:H7 produces Shiga toxin (Stx) which is heat stable and causes Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS), a serious disease associated with bloody diarrhea and even death. To ensure food safety, both live E. coli O157:H7 and its toxin production in food products need to be controlled. Natural ingredients with inhibitory effects on E. coli O157:H7 growth and toxin production are top choices of antimicrobials for the food industry. The objectives of this study were to evaluate efficacy of grape seed extract (GSE) against the growth, swimming motility and Stx production of E. coli O157:H7. The disc diffusion assay indicated that 3.2 mg GSE per disc resulted in an inhibition zone of 14.8 ± 0.21 mm. The minimal inhibitory concentration of GSE against E. coli O157: H7 was 4.0 mg/ml. At high inoculation level (1 × 107 CFU/ml), including GSE at 0.25–2.0 mg/ml reduced Stx production without inhibiting E. coli O157:H7 growth. At 5 × 105 CFU/ml inoculation level, 2.0 and 4.0 mg/ml GSE effectively inhibited the growth of E. coli O157:H7 for at least 72 h, however, a low level of GSE (0.125–1.0 mg/ml) enhanced E. coli O157:H7 growth and Stx2 production. At 4 mg/ml, GSE completely abolished Stx2 production in addition to it bactericidal effect against E. coli O157:H7. In addition, GSE at concentration as low as 0.125% blocked the swimming motility, which is important for E. coli O157:H7 surface adherence. In conclusion, GSE is effective in inhibiting the motility of E. coli O157:H7, GSE shows potential to be used as a natural antimicrobial to control E. coli O157:H7.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Food Control
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    • "This effect of honey is mainly associated with low (<10 kDa) molecular weight (MW) components and MRJP1. In addition, glucose and fructose have been recently identified as major components of honey responsible for biofilm reduction in pathogenic Escherichia coli (Lee et al., 2011). Taken together, monosaccharides and MRJP1, which are found in every natural honey, could take part in inhibition of wound biofilm formation. "
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    ABSTRACT: Biofilm growth and its persistence within wounds have recently been suggested as contributing factors to impaired healing. The goal of this study was to investigate the anti-biofilm effects of several honey samples of different botanical origin, including manuka honey against Proteus mirabilis and Enterobacter cloacae wound isolates. Quantification of biofilm formation was carried out using a microtiter plate assay. All honeys at a sub-inhibitory concentration of 10% (w/v) significantly reduced the biofilm development of both isolates. Similarly, at a concentration of 50% (w/v), each of the honeys caused significant partial detachment of Pr. mirabilis biofilm after 24 h. On the other hand, no honey was able to significantly detach Ent. cloacae biofilm. In addition, treatment of Ent. cloacae and Pr. mirabilis biofilms with all honeys resulted in a significant decrease in colony-forming units per well values in a range of 0.35-1.16 and 1.2-7.5 log units, respectively. Of the tested honeys, manuka honey possessed the most potent anti-biofilm properties. Furthermore, methylglyoxal, an antibacterial compound of manuka honey, was shown to be responsible for killing biofilm-embedded wound bacteria. These findings suggest that manuka honey could be used as a potential therapy for the treatment of wounds containing Pr. mirabilis or Ent. cloacae. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Phytotherapy Research
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    • "Therefore, the cellular processes of biofilm formation, maintenance, and dispersal are important targets for the discovery of new inhibitors (Landini et al. 2010). One of these approaches involves the use of compounds that interrupt bacterial communication in biofilms , instead of simply killing the bacteria (Kaufmann et al. 2008; Lee et al. 2011; Jakobsen et al. 2012). "
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    ABSTRACT: Quorum sensing (QS) is an important regulatory mechanism in biofilm formation and differentiation. Interference with QS can affect biofilm development and antimicrobial susceptibility. This study evaluates the potential of selected phytochemical products to inhibit QS. Three isothiocyanates (allylisothiocyanate - AITC, benzylisothiocyanate - BITC and 2-phenylethylisothiocyanate - PEITC) and six phenolic products (gallic acid - GA, ferulic acid - FA, caffeic acid - CA, phloridzin - PHL, (-) epicatechin - EPI and oleuropein glucoside - OG) were tested. A disc diffusion assay based on pigment inhibition in Chromobacterium violaceum CV12472 was performed. In addition, the mechanisms of QS inhibition (QSI) based on the modulation of N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHLs) activity and synthesis by the phytochemicals were investigated. The cytotoxicity of each product was tested on a cell line of mouse lung fibroblasts. AITC, BITC and PEITC demonstrated a capacity for QSI by modulation of AHL activity and synthesis, interfering the with QS systems of C. violaceum CviI/CviR homologs of LuxI/LuxR systems. The cytotoxic assays demonstrated low effects on the metabolic viability of the fibroblast cell line only for FA, PHL and EPI.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Biofouling
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