Two cohorts of patients who had corrective osteotomies and volar platings for malunited fractures of the distal radius were compared retrospectively to determine whether the time to union and the outcome were affected by bone allograft.
Patients in the first group (n = 14) did not receive any bone graft; patients in the second group (n = 14) had allograft bone chips following volar plating. Indications for surgery, surgical technique, and postoperative rehabilitation were the same in both groups. Volar cortical contact was maintained using a volar locking plate in all patients. Radiographic parameters of deformity correction, time to union, wrist and forearm range of motion, grip strength, patient-rated wrist evaluation and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire were used to evaluate the outcome before and after the surgery. Average follow-up time was 36 weeks. Patients who had diabetes, who smoked, who had a body mass index of more than 35, and who required lengthening for deformity correction were excluded from the study.
Osteotomies in both groups healed without loss of surgical correction. Final outcome and time to union revealed no significant differences, clinically or statistically, between the 2 groups. The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand score was improved in both groups.
When volar cortical contact was maintained using a volar locked plate, bone allograft at the osteotomy site did not improve the final outcome.
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"Ozer et al.  described a case–control study of 14 distal radius osteotomies stabilised by a locked volar plate, without filling of the osteotomy gap, and found no delay in healing compared with the control group. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of our correction osteotomies of distal radial malunions without a bone graft. Eleven consecutive patients (mean age 52 years, range 18-71) were treated. A dorsal approach was utilised to perform an opening-wedge osteotomy which then was stabilised with two dorsal columnar plates without filling the osteotomy gap. All patients went on to radiographic union with a filling of the osteotomy gap within a mean period of 3 months (range 2-6 months). All patients had satisfactory results in terms of function and pain. Correction osteotomy and stabilisation with bicolumnar locked plate fixation without a bone graft provides sufficient stability to allow the highly vascularised metaphysis to heal. In patients without risk factors predisposing to non-union, this procedure is safe and feasible.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The interest in developing biomaterials to augment fracture healing continues to grow. New products promise early return to function with minimal morbidity; however, indications to use these products remain unclear. An ideal bone graft material stimulates bone healing and provides structural stability while being biocompatible, bioresorbable, easy to use, and cost-effective. This article reviews the biology of bone grafts and the clinical evidence in the use of bone graft substitutes for the treatment of distal radius fractures.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The modification of human cancellous bone (hBONE) with silk fibroin/gelatin (SF/G) using 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC)/N-hydroxysuccini-mide (NHS) crosslinking was established. The SF/G solutions at a weight ratio of 50/50 and the solution concentrations of 1, 2, and 4 wt % were studied. SF/G sub-matrix was formed on the surface and inside pore structure of hBONE. All hBONE scaffolds modified with SF/G showed smaller pore sizes, less porosity, and slightly lower compressive modulus than unmodified hBONE. SF/G sub-matrix was gradually biodegraded in collagenase solution along 4 days. The hBONE scaffolds modified with SF/G, particularly at 2 and 4 wt % solution concentrations, promoted attachment, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), comparing to the original hBONE. The highest cell number, ALP activity and calcium production were observed for MSC cultured on the hBONE scaffolds modified with 4 wt % SF/G. The mineralization was also remarkably induced in the cases of modified hBONE scaffolds as observed from the deposited calcium phosphate by EDS. The modification of hBONE with SF/G was, therefore, the promising method to enhance the osteoconductive potential of human bone graft for bone tissue engineering.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2012 · Journal of Materials Science Materials in Medicine