Significance of p53-binding protein1 nuclear foci in uterine cervical lesions: Endogenous DNA double strand breaks and genomic instability during carcinogenesis

Department of Tumour and Diagnostic Pathology, Atomic Bomb Disease Institute, Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki, Japan.
Histopathology (Impact Factor: 3.45). 09/2011; 59(3):441-51. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2559.2011.03963.x
Source: PubMed


A defective DNA damage response can result in genomic instability (GIN) and lead to transformation to cancer. As p53-binding protein 1 (53BP1) localizes at the sites of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) and rapidly forms nuclear foci (NF), the presence of 53BP1 NF can be considered to be an indicator of endogenous DSBs reflecting GIN. Our aim was to analyse the presence of DSBs by immunofluorescence for 53BP1 expression in a series of cervical lesions, to evaluate the significance of GIN during carcinogenesis.
A total of 80 archival cervical tissue samples, including 11 normal, 16 cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)1, 15 CIN2, 24 CIN3 and 14 squamous cell carcinoma samples, were analysed for 53BP1 NF, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and p16(INK4a) overexpression. The number of 53BP1 NF in cervical cells appeared to increase with progression during carcinogenesis. The distribution of 53BP1 NF was similar to that of the punctate HPV signals as determined by in-situ hybridization and also to p16(INK4a) overexpression in CIN, suggesting an association with viral infection and replication stress.
Immunofluorescence analysis of 53BP1 expression can be a useful tool with which to estimate the level of GIN. During cervical carcinogenesis, GIN may allow further accumulation of genomic alterations, causing progression to invasive cancer.

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Available from: Kondo Hisayoshi, May 08, 2014
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    • "The tumor suppressor gene pRb prevents the cell from replicating damaged DNA, and previous studies have shown that analyzing pRb can be helpful in prediction of CIN2-3 regression [6] [17]. p53 also has some value, but the staining is less reproducible and cannot always distinguish between wild type and mutated p53 [18] [19]. "
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