Development of a mass-producible on-chip plasmonic nanohole array biosensor

Institute of Materials Science, Graduate School of Pure and Applied Sciences, University of Tsukuba, 1-1-1 Tennodai, Tsukuba, 305-8573, Japan.
Nanoscale (Impact Factor: 7.39). 12/2011; 3(12):5067-75. DOI: 10.1039/c1nr10883b
Source: PubMed


We have developed a polymer film based plasmonic device whose optical properties are tuned for measuring biological samples. The device has a circular nanohole array structure fabricated with a nanoimprint technique using a UV curable polymer, and then gold thin film is deposited by electron beam deposition. Therefore, the device is mass-producible, which is also very important for bioaffinity sensors. First the gold film thickness and hole depth were optimized to obtain the maximum dip shift for the reflection spectra. The dip shift is equivalent to the sensitivity to refractive index changes at the plasmonic device surface. We also calculated the variation in reflection spectra by changing the above conditions using the finite-difference time domain method, and we obtained agreement between the theoretical and experimental curves. The nanohole periodicity was adjusted from 400 to 900 nm to make it possible to perform measurements in the visible wavelength region to measure the aqueous samples with less optical absorption. The tuned bottom filled gold nanohole array was incorporated in a microfluidic device covered with a PDMS based microchannel that was 2 mm wide and 20 μm deep. As a proof of concept, the device was used to detect TNF-α by employing a direct immunochemical reaction on the plasmonic array, and a detection limit of 21 ng mL(-1) was obtained by amplification with colloidal gold labeling instead of enzymatic amplification.

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