The Nasolabial Cyst A Nonodontogenic Oral Cyst Related to Nasolacrimal Duct Epithelium
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Boston Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02118, USA. Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
(Impact Factor: 2.84).
11/2011; 135(11):1499-503. DOI: 10.5858/arpa.2010-0338-RS
Nasolabial cysts are interesting, relatively uncommon benign extraosseous maxillary lesions. We review current knowledge about epidemiology, symptoms, imaging modalities, pathogenesis, histopathologic and ultrastructural features, treatment options, and prognosis. Nasolabial cyst lining epithelium is characteristically composed of a basal layer of cuboidal cells and a luminal layer of columnar secretory cells with interspersed mucous goblet cells. In addition, areas of multilayered epithelium and squamous metaplasia may be seen. The cyst stroma is characterized by collagen-rich fibrovascular tissue with variably admixed chronic inflammatory cells. Furthermore, to our knowledge, we report the first example of immunohistochemical protein expression profiling of nasolabial cyst lining epithelium, discovering that basal layer cells express p63 and cytokeratin 5/6, while goblet cells express MUC-2 and MUC-5AC mucins, supporting the notion that nasolabial cysts can be understood as hamartomatous, locally expansile remnants of distal nasolacrimal duct development.
Available from: Ioulia Chatzistamou
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ABSTRACT: Nodular fasciitis is a benign, reactive, proliferative spindle-cell lesion, usually located at the subcutaneous tissues or muscle fascia. Clinically, it manifests as a soft-tissue mass with well-defined margins and fixed to the adjacent structures. Because of its rapid growth rate, rich cellularity and relatively high mitotic activity, nodular fasciitis is sometimes misdiagnosed as a sarcoma. Accurate diagnosis is based only on histopathological examination. A rare case of nodular fasciitis of the buccal mucosa in a 50-year-old female patient is presented.
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ABSTRACT: The nasolabial cyst is a rare, usually unilateral lesion arising in the soft tissues adjacent to the alveolar process of the anterior maxilla, above the apices of frontal teeth and below the alar base. The typical clinical features of nasolabial cysts are: swelling between the upper lip and nasal aperture caused by a smooth and fluctuant, well defined space-occupying lesion, elevation of the nasal ala and obliteration of the nasolabial fold. This report describes some clinical, radiological and morphological findings in a nasolabial cyst. The cyst was lined up with bilayered epithelium showing scattered goblet cells. The immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the basaloid epithelial cells exhibited nuclear positive reactions for p63. The proliferative activity of the epithelial cells was low (<5%). Reaction for podoplanin was only discretely positive in basal cells within the non-inflamed portions but was enhanced in areas with inflammatory changes of the cyst wall. Cytokeratin subtyping showed a distinct expression of intermediate filaments in the nasolabial cyst. Nasolabial cysts are developmental cysts that can be cured by adequate surgical techniques. The expression pattern of podoplanin in this entity points to an association of this protein expression with inflammatory reactions to the cyst.
Available from: Antonis Chaniotis
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