Hemimasticatory spasm following surgery for vestibular schwannoma

Department of Neurosurgery, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology, Trivandrum, India.
Movement Disorders (Impact Factor: 5.68). 12/2011; 26(14):2481-2. DOI: 10.1002/mds.23988
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Hemimasticatory spasm is a very rare movement disorder characterized by unilateral, involuntary, paroxysmal contractions of the jaw-closing muscles, causing clinically brief twitches and/or spasms. A 62-year-old female consulted us with a 30-year history of unusual involuntary twitches in the preauricular region and spasms that hampered jaw opening. During these spasms, she could not open her mouth. On physical examination, we also observed hypertrophy of the masseter and temporalis muscles, which can be features of hemimasticatory spasm. She was treated with botulinum toxin type A, with excellent response. Here, we present her case and review the literature. Hemimasticatory spasm is a rare movement disorder. Given the excellent response to botulinum toxin type A treatment, it should be considered within the spectrum of facial spasms.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Hemimasticatory spasm is a rare neurologic disorder characterized by unilateral, paroxysmal involuntary contraction of the masticatory muscles. It can be confused with other unilateral facial spasms. In this report, we present two patients with hemimasticatory spasm who were initially misdiagnosed with other disorders. The first patient was a 54-year-old man with a 9-year history of right facial spasm. He underwent microvascular decompression, without benefit, at another hospital with the diagnosis of hemifacial spasm two years prior to presenting at our hospital.On examination, right masseter and temporalis muscles had irregular contractions with twitches and prolonged spasms. His brain magnetic resonance imaging was normal.He showed a good response to carbamazepine. The second case was a 60-year-old man presented with a 10-year history of jaw-closing movement. Previous treatment for temporomandibular joint disorder was ineffective. He was previously diagnosed as oromandibular dystonia at another hospital, and biperiden and diazepam treatment resulted in slight improvement. There was tonic contraction and hypertrophy of the left masseter. He improved with carbamazepine. These cases illustrate the importance of hemimasticatory spasm as differential diagnosis, and the good response to carbamazepine.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Neurology Asia