Occupational stress and hypertension

ArticleinJournal of the American Society of Hypertension (JASH) 6(1):2-22 · February 1982with25 Reads
Impact Factor: 2.61 · DOI: 10.1016/j.jash.2011.09.002 · Source: PubMed

    Abstract

    Occupational stress, or job strain, resulting from a lack of balance between job demands and job control, is considered one of the frequent factors in the etiology of hypertension in modern society. Stress, with its multifactorial causes, is complex and difficult to analyze at the physiological and psychosocial levels. The possible relation between job strain and blood pressure levels has been extensively studied, but the literature is replete with conflicting results regarding the relationship between the two. Further analysis of this relationship, including the many facets of job strain, may lead to operative proposals at the individual and public health levels designed to reduce the effects on health and well-being. In this article, we review the literature on the subject, discussing the various methodologies, confounding variables, and suggested approaches for a healthier work environment.