Article

Dating Matters™: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships

Division of Violence Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30341, USA.
Journal of Women's Health (Impact Factor: 2.05). 12/2011; 20(12):1761-5. DOI: 10.1089/jwh.2011.3177
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Teen dating violence (TDV) is a preventable public health problem that has negative consequences for youth. Despite evidence that youth in urban communities with high crime and economic disadvantage may be at particularly high risk for TDV, little work has specifically addressed TDV in these communities. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has developed a comprehensive approach to prevent TDV-Dating Matters™: Strategies to Promote Healthy Teen Relationships-that addresses gaps in research and practice. This Report from CDC describes the programmatic activities, implementation support, evaluation, and surveillance of the Dating Matters™ initiative, which will be implemented in four urban communities.

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    • "This review did not include these measures, but this important work points to the complexity of the dynamics involved in sexual violence and promising directions to guide future efforts. Second, there has been a recent shift in public health from a focus on disease prevention to one of health promotion, which is mirrored by a change in adolescent dating violence prevention whereby programs emphasize promotion of healthy relationships in addition to preventing violence (Robert WoodJohnson Foundation, 2013;Tharp et al., 2011). A focus on healthy relationships extends beyond preventing violence in relationships and includes other aspects of adolescent sexual and reproductive health, such as preventing pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and HIV (Tharp et al., 2013). "
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    ABSTRACT: The past 2 decades have witnessed an increase in dating violence awareness and research. As the field evolves, it is critical to examine the definition and measurement of adolescent dating violence. This article summarizes the behavioral measures of adolescent dating violence used in the field. Based on a review of the literature and federally funded studies, we identified 48 different measures. The most commonly used measures were the Conflict Tactics Scale-2, the Safe Dates Scale, and the Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationship Inventory, which all examine aspects of psychological, physical, and sexual violence. Researchers also adapted or created their own measures. This article concludes with a discussion of developments for consideration as the field moves forward.
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    • "Based on these theoretical perspectives, as well as correlational evidence that traditional gender role attitudes are associated with male partner violence perpetration (McCauley et al. 2013; Reed et al. 2011; Stith et al. 2004; Tharp et al. 2013), several adolescent dating violence prevention programs explicitly target gender role attitudes for change (Foshee et al. 1996; Miller et al. 2011, 2011; Taylor et al. 2013; Tharp et al. 2011). These programs assume that the promotion of more egalitarian gender role attitudes will prevent or reduce male-to-female adolescent dating violence perpetration. "
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    ABSTRACT: Commonly used dating violence prevention programs assume that promotion of more egalitarian gender role attitudes will prevent dating violence perpetration. Empirical research examining this assumption, however, is limited and inconsistent. The current study examined the longitudinal association between gender role attitudes and physical dating violence perpetration among adolescent boys (n = 577; 14 % Black, 5 % other race/ethnicity) and examined whether injunctive (i.e., acceptance of dating violence) and descriptive (i.e., beliefs about dating violence prevalence) normative beliefs moderated the association. As expected, the findings suggest that traditional gender role attitudes at T1 were associated with increased risk for dating violence perpetration 18 months later (T2) among boys who reported high, but not low, acceptance of dating violence (injunctive normative beliefs) at T1. Descriptive norms did not moderate the effect of gender role attitudes on dating violence perpetration. The results suggest that injunctive norms and gender role attitudes work synergistically to increase risk for dating violence perpetration among boys; as such, simultaneously targeting both of these constructs may be an effective prevention approach.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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    ABSTRACT: Two salient problems in adolescent development are dating violence and suicidal ideation. Theory and empirical research have supported their association in primarily cross-sectional studies. The purpose of this study is to examine the longitudinal association between physical dating violence and suicidal ideation (thoughts or plans) in a cohort of students evaluated annually from Grades 9 to 12. The sample consisted of 556 random-selected students (50.2 % males; 47.5 % White, 37.8 % Black, 11.2 % Latino) who reported dating at least once during the four assessments. Self-reported frequency of suicidal ideation, dating, and physical dating violence perpetration and victimization were assessed each spring from ninth to twelfth grade. We used generalized estimating equations modeling to predict the effects of sex, race, school grade, and physical dating perpetration and victimization on suicidal ideation. Cumulatively, one-fourth of the sample reported suicidal ideation at least once by the end of Grade 12, and approximately half reported physical dating violence. Female gender (OR = 1.7, p = 0.02), physical dating perpetration (OR = 1.54, p = 0.048), physical dating victimization (OR = 2.03, p < 0.001), and being in grades 9-11 versus 12 in high school (OR = 1.83, p = 0.004) were significant predictors of suicidal ideation. Race was not a significant predictor among adolescents in this sample. This longitudinal study highlights the detrimental emotional effect of physical dating violence perpetration and victimization among high school students. It is important that suicide prevention programs incorporate physical dating violence education and prevention strategies starting early in high school.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2013 · Journal of Youth and Adolescence
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