Population-Based Metrics for the Timing of HIV Diagnosis, Engagement in HIV Care, and Virologic Suppression

Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA.
AIDS (London, England) (Impact Factor: 5.55). 01/2012; 26(1):77-86. DOI: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834dcee9
Source: PubMed


To compare population-based metrics for assessing progress toward the US National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS) goals.
Analysis of surveillance data from persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in King County, Washington, USA, 2005-2009.
We examined indicators of the timing of HIV diagnosis [intertest interval, CD4 cell count at diagnosis, and AIDS ≤ 1 year of diagnosis (late diagnosis)]; linkage to initial care (CD4 or viral load report ≤3 months after diagnosis) and sustained care (a laboratory report 3-9 months after linkage); engagement in continuous care in 2009 (at least two laboratory reports ≥3 months apart); and virologic suppression.
Thirty-two percent of persons had late HIV diagnoses, 31% of whom reported testing HIV negative in the 2 years preceding their HIV diagnoses. Linkage to sustained care, but not linkage to initial care, was significantly associated with subsequent virologic suppression. Among 6070 PLWHA in King County, 65% of those with at least one viral load reported in 2009 and 53% of all PLWHA had virologic suppression. Although only 66% of all PLWHA were engaged in continuous care, 81% were defined as engaged using the denominator proposed in the NHAS (at least one laboratory result reported in 2009 excluding persons establishing care in the second half of the year).
Proposed metrics for monitoring the HIV care continuum may not accurately measure late diagnoses or linkage to sustained care and are sensitive to assumptions about the size of the population of PLWHA. Monitoring progress toward achievement of NHAS goals will require improvements in HIV surveillance data and refinement of care metrics.

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Available from: Julia C. Dombrowski, Sep 15, 2014
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    • "Providers routinely order these tests to guide treatment (Panel on Antiretroviral Guidelines for Adults and Adolescents 2012). Public health agencies use these CD4 and VL tests reported to surveillance as indicators to track linkage to and retention in care (Dombrowski et al. 2012; Thompson et al. 2012). The ability to track linkage to and retention in HIV care has given health departments a useful tool for focusing efforts to facilitate optimal care (Frieden et al. 2005). "
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