Article

Epidemiology of insomnia in France

Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Département Maladies Chroniques et Traumatismes, 94410 Saint-Maurice, France.
Revue d Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique (Impact Factor: 0.59). 12/2011; 59(6):409-22. DOI: 10.1016/j.respe.2011.05.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Sleep is usually considered as a factor for good health and personal equilibrium. However, the epidemiology of insomnia, which is the most frequent of sleep disorders, is still unknown in France.
All epidemiological studies concerning the prevalence of insomnia and its associated factors carried out in France and published between 1980 and 2009 have been extracted from Medline. Subsequently, a research of reports not indexed in Medline has been carried out in the national Public health Database. We also sought the presence of questions concerning sleep disorders in questionnaires and reports from health surveys in the general population.
In the general population, six specific studies had been undertaken between 1987 and 2003 while there had been eight occupational studies between 1980 and 2000. Surveys in schoolchildren and in students focused on the daytime tiredness due to lack of sleep but few studies investigated insomnia in children and teenagers. Methodological differences as well as the heterogeneity in the definition of the disorders yielded very diverse prevalences. Between 30 and 50% of adults in France declared the presence of at least one sleep disorder while the prevalence of insomnia using the DSM-IV criteria concerned between 15 and 20% of the population. Women reported sleep disorders more frequently than men. Sleep disorders were associated with work absenteeism. Comorbidity with anxiety and depressive disorders has also been highlighted in several studies.
Surveillance of sleep disorders appears as an important public health issue requiring prior standardization of questionnaires and survey methods.

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    • "Les troubles du sommeil sont très fréquents dans la population générale : 15—20 % des adultes en France souffrent d'une insomnie selon les critères du DSM-IV [1], environ 5 % ont des symptômes qui pourraient évoquer un syndrome d'apnée du sommeil [2] et 20—30 % des enfants âgés de moins de 6 ans présentent des troubles d'endormissement ou de maintien du sommeil 3—5. La fréquence des troubles du sommeil pose un problème majeur de prise en charge : il y a un manque de professionnels de santé formés à ces pathologies, surtout dans le domaine de l'insomnie de l'adulte et dans celui des troubles comportementaux du sommeil chez l'enfant. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Evaluation of the value of an internet forum dedicated to sleep disorders. Methods: Survey of Morphee forum users. Users signed up after 24/07/2012 were contacted by email and invited to complete an online questionnaire. Results: The forum went live in November 2005 and offers information about sleep disorders and discussions moderated by the Morphée team. In total, 36,862 messages have been posted by 7964 users. The most active threads are infant sleep (18,267 messages), children's sleep (6158 messages), and insomnia (3696 messages). A total of 1932 users signed up after the 24/07/2012 and 341 replied to the online questionnaire (response rate 17.7%), 284 women and 57 men. Seventy percent were aged from 26-45. Ninety percent discovered the forum via an internet search, 52% for baby or child sleep problems, 19% for insomnia et 13% for sleep apnea. Fifty-three percent had not consulted a doctor for their sleep problem. Eighty-five percent were satisfied with the forum and 62% considered that their sleep had been improved. Sixty-seven percent had posted messages and improved symptoms were significantly associated with active participation (P<. 0.0001). Of the 46 patients treated with hypnotics, 27 (59%) had been able to stop or reduce their treatment. Conclusion: A forum dedicated to sleep disorders can benefit patients and enable them to stop or reduce hypnotic treatment.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Médecine du Sommeil
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    • "Les troubles du sommeil sont très fréquents dans la population générale : 15—20 % des adultes en France souffrent d'une insomnie selon les critères du DSM-IV [1], environ 5 % ont des symptômes qui pourraient évoquer un syndrome d'apnée du sommeil [2] et 20—30 % des enfants âgés de moins de 6 ans présentent des troubles d'endormissement ou de maintien du sommeil 3—5. La fréquence des troubles du sommeil pose un problème majeur de prise en charge : il y a un manque de professionnels de santé formés à ces pathologies, surtout dans le domaine de l'insomnie de l'adulte et dans celui des troubles comportementaux du sommeil chez l'enfant. "

    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Médecine du Sommeil
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    • "Women report insomnia more frequently than men7, 8). Sleep disorders are one of the public health issues that need attention for prevention and early detection, as they are one of the causes of work absenteeism9). Sleep is an individual process that differs from one person to another. "
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    ABSTRACT: [Purpose] Insomnia is quite common and it can affect the quality of life of an individual. Students undergo stress due to various academic demands leading to sleeplessness and daytime sleepiness. This study was conducted to investigate the association between physical activity and insomnia among female Saudi students. [Subjects] 62 female students with a mean age of 21 ± 1.5 years took part in a motivational program to increase the number of steps taken per day for three weeks. [Methods] After obtaining subject's informed consent all the subjects were assessed for insomnia using the insomnia severity index (ISI), They were then given pedometers to calculate the number of steps they took per day. A physical activity log was kept for three weeks. Pre- and post -intervention ISI scores were calculated and correlated with the 3-week physical activity log. [Results] 50% of the subjects had no clinically significant insomnia (NCSI), 42% had sub threshold (STI), and 8% had moderate clinical (MCI) insomnia. There was a moderate negative correlation between physical activity and ISI scores after the 3-week motivation program. [Conclusion] Prevalence of insomnia was common among female Saudi students and increase in physical activity appears to improve the sleep pattern.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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