Comparison of Perioperative Outcomes of Total Laparoscopic and Robotically Assisted Hysterectomy for Benign Pathology during Introduction of a Robotic Program

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555-0587, USA.
Obstetrics and Gynecology International 10/2011; 2011(1687-9589):683703. DOI: 10.1155/2011/683703
Source: PubMed


Study Objective. Prospectively compare outcomes of robotically assisted and laparoscopic hysterectomy in the process of implementing a new robotic program. Design. Prospectively comparative observational nonrandomized study. Design Classification. II-1. Setting. Tertiary caregiver university hospital. Patients. Data collected consecutively 24 months, 34 patients underwent laparoscopic hysterectomy, 25 patients underwent robotic hysterectomy, and 11 patients underwent vaginal hysterectomy at our institution. Interventions. Outcomes of robotically assisted, laparoscopic, and vaginal complex hysterectomies performed by a single surgeon for noncancerous indications. Measurements and Main Results. Operative times were 208.3 ± 59.01 minutes for laparoscopic, 286.2 ± 82.87 minutes for robotic, and 163.5 ± 61.89 minutes for vaginal (P < .0001). Estimated blood loss for patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery was 242.7 ± 211.37 cc, 137.4 ± 107.50 cc for robotic surgery, and 243.2 ± 127.52 cc for vaginal surgery (P = 0.05). The mean length of stay ranged from 1.8 to 2.3 days for the 3 methods. Association was significant for uterine weight (P = 0.0043) among surgery methods. Conclusion. Robotically assisted hysterectomy is feasible with low morbidity, a shorter hospital stay, and less blood loss. This suggests that robotic assistance facilitates a minimally invasive approach for patients with larger uterine size even during implementing a new robotic program.

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    • "In the literature, a variety of publications report about surgical education using robotic systems [9–11] and the learning curve for robotic-assisted surgery [12–14]. However, our study is the first to examine the effect that gynecology residents' previous laparoscopic experiences have on their initial experiences with robotically assisted suturing in the operating room. "
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. To assess the impact of gynecology residents' previous laparoscopic experience on the learning curve of robotic suturing techniques and the value of initial structured teaching in dry lab prior to surgery. Methods. Thirteen gynecology residents with no previous robotic surgery experience were divided into Group 1, consisting of residents with 2 or fewer laparoscopic experiences, and Group 2, consisting of residents with 3 or more laparoscopic experiences. Group 1 had a dry-laboratory training in suturing prior to their initial experience in the operating room. Results. For all residents, it took on average 382 ± 159 seconds for laparoscopic suturing and 326 ± 196 seconds for robotic suturing (P = 0.12). Residents in Group 1 had a lower mean suture time than residents in Group 2 for laparoscopic suturing (P = 0.009). The residents in Group 2, however, had a lower mean suture time on the robot compared to Group 1 (P = 0.5). Conclusion. Residents with previous laparoscopic suturing experience may gain more from a robotic surgery experience than those with limited laparoscopic surgery experience. In addition, dry lab training is more efficient than hands-on training in the initial phase of teaching for both laparoscopic and robotic suturing skills.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · ISRN obstetrics and gynecology
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    ABSTRACT: To compare surgical outcomes for roboticassisted total laparoscopic hysterectomy (RH) to other minimally invasive hysterectomy (MIH) types, including total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH), laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH), and vaginal hysterectomy (VH). Retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent RH or MIH for benign indications between January 2007 and May 2010 at 2 Henry Ford Health System teaching hospitals. Age, race, body mass index (BMI), procedure duration, estimated blood loss (EBL), peri-operative hemoglobin change, uterine weight, length of hospital stay (LOS), and complications were collected from electronic medical records and were compared between RH and MIH groups. Included in the analysis were 135 RH and 162 MIH cases (n = 34 VH, n = 82 LAVH, n = 46 TLH). There were no differences in age, race, or BMI between groups, but RH patients had significantly larger uteri (P = .007; RH, 13.5%>500g; MIH 4.0%>500g). MIH patients had significantly greater EBL (P < .001) and drop in hemoglobin (P = .02) than RH patients with a 150 mL difference in median EBL (200 mL versus 50 mL) between groups. RH had longer procedure durations than MIH (P = .0002) overall, but not compared to the TLH subgroup. RH patients had a shorter LOS than MIH patients had (P = .02) who had a longer LOS for LAVH patients. Although readmission and major complication rates were similar in both groups, minor adverse events occurred more frequently in the MIH group (21.6%) than the RH group (8.9%) (P = .003). RH has comparable surgical outcomes, and possibly decreased blood loss, shorter length of stay, and fewer minor complications than other methods of MIH.
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    ABSTRACT: We aimed to compare perioperative outcomes of robotic-assisted hysterectomy versus vaginal hysterectomy in patients with benign gynecologic conditions, using a retrospective chart review of 240 consecutive benign hysterectomies from May 2008 to April of 2010 performed by a single surgical team at the Eisenhower Medical Center. The analysis included an equal number of cases in each group: 120 robotic-assisted total laparoscopic hysterectomies and 120 total vaginal hysterectomies. Consecutive cases met the inclusion criteria of benign disease. There were no statistically significant differences related to age, body mass index, history of prior abdominal surgery, or uterine weight. Operative times in the robotic group were significantly longer by an average of 59 min (p < 0.001). Patients with robotic-assisted hysterectomy had clinically equivalent estimated blood loss (55.5 ml vs. 84.7 ml, p < 0.001) and the intraoperative complication rates were 1.7% vaginal versus 0% robotic (p = 0.156). There was one conversion in the vaginal group due to pelvic adhesions and no conversions in the robotic group. Length of hospital stay was 1 day for both groups. The perioperative complication rates were equivalent between groups (6.7 vs. 11.7%, p = 0.180), but there were more major complications in the vaginal group (0 vs. 3.3%, p = 0.044). We conclude that, in a comparable group of patients, robotic-assisted hysterectomy takes longer to complete but results in fewer major complications.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2012 · Journal of Robotic Surgery
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