Nocodazole is a high-affinity ligand for the cancer-related kinases ABL, c-KIT, BRAF, and MEK

Department of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Sejong University, Seoul, Korea.
ChemMedChem (Impact Factor: 2.97). 01/2012; 7(1):53-6. DOI: 10.1002/cmdc.201100410
Source: PubMed
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    • "In CMAP, the MBZ-induced gene expression profile correlated strongly with nocodazole a well-known tubulin inhibitor with chemical structure similarity to MBZ. Also nocodazole has recently been shown to inhibit several protein kinases including Bcr–Abl (Park et al. 2012). These results thus suggest additional potential targets of importance for MBZ efficacy. "
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study, we screened a compound library containing 1,600 clinically used compounds with the aim to identify compounds, which potentially could be repositioned for colon cancer therapy. Two established colon cancer cell lines were tested using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay (FMCA). For compound comparison connectivity map (CMAP) analysis, NCI 60 data mining and protein kinase binding measurements were performed. Sixty-eight compounds were defined as hits with activity in both of these cell lines (<40 % cell survival compared with control) at 10 μM drug concentration. Analysis of chemical similarity of the hit compounds revealed several distinct clusters, among them the antiparasitic benzimidazole group. Two of these compounds, mebendazole (MBZ) and albendazole (ABZ) are registered for human use. Data from the NCI 60 cell line panel revealed only modest correlation between MBZ and ABZ, indicating differences in mechanism of action. This was further supported when gene expression signatures were compared in the CMAP database; ABZ ranked very low when MBZ was used as the query signature. Furthermore, MBZ, but not ABZ, was found to significantly interact with several protein kinases including BCR-ABL and BRAF. Analysis of the diagnosis-specific activity of MBZ showed activity in 80 % of the colon cancer cell lines in the NCI 60 panel. Three additional colon cancer cell lines and three cell models with non-malignant phenotypes were subsequently tested, confirming selective colon cancer activity of MBZ. MBZ seemingly has repositioning potential for colorectal cancer therapy.
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of drug resistance caused by mutations in the break-point cluster region-Abelson tyrosine kinase (Bcr-Abl) kinase domain remains a clinical challenge due to limited effective treatment options for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Herein we report a novel series of benzothiazole-based inhibitors that are effective against wild-type and T315I mutant Bcr-Abl kinases. The original hit compound, nocodazole, was extensively modified through a structure-based drug design strategy, especially by varying the groups at the C2 and C6 positions of the scaffold. In addition, the introduction of water-solubilizing groups at the terminal ethyl group resulted in enhanced physicochemical properties and potency in cellular inhibition. Several compounds inhibited the kinase activity of both wild-type Bcr-Abl and the T315I mutant with IC50 values in the picomolar range and exhibited good antiproliferative effects on Ba/F3 cell lines transformed with either wild-type or T315I mutant Bcr-Abl.
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    ABSTRACT: Although the constitutively activated break-point cluster region-Abelson (ABL) tyrosine kinase is known to cause chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), the prevalence of drug-resistant ABL mutants has made it difficult to develop effective anti-CML drugs. With the aim to identify new lead compounds for anti-CML drugs, we carried out a structure-based de novo design using the scoring function improved by implementing an accurate solvation free energy term. This approach led to the identification of ABL inhibitors equipotent for the wild type and the most drug-resistant T315I mutant of ABL at the picomolar level. Decomposition analysis of the binding free energy showed that a decrease in the desolvation cost for binding in the ATP-binding site could be as important as the strengthening of enzyme-inhibitor interaction to enhance the potency of an ABL inhibitor with structural modifications. A similar energetic feature was also observed in free energy perturbation (FEP) calculations. Consistent with the previous experimental and computational studies, the hydrogen bond interactions with the backbone groups of Met318 proved to be the most significant binding forces to stabilize the inhibitors in the ATP-binding sites of the wild type and T315I mutant. The results of molecular dynamics simulations indicated that the dynamic stabilities of the hydrogen bonds between the inhibitors and Met318 should also be considered in designing the potent common inhibitors of the wild type and T315I mutant of ABL.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
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