Quantitative characterization of bone marrow edema pattern in rheumatoid arthritis using 3 Tesla MRI
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), San Francisco, California 94107, USA. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
(Impact Factor: 3.21).
01/2012; 35(1):211-7. DOI: 10.1002/jmri.22803
To develop imaging techniques that provide quantitative characterization of bone marrow edema pattern (BME) in wrist joints of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), including volume, signal intensity changes, and perfusion properties.
Fourteen RA patients and three controls were scanned using 3 Tesla MR. BME was semi-automatically segmented in water images obtained from iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation (IDEAL) sequences. BME perfusion parameters (enhancement and slope) were evaluated using three-dimensional (3D) dynamic enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI). Experimental reproducibility, inter- and intra-observer reproducibility of BME quantification were evaluated using root mean square coefficients of variation (RMS-CV) and intraclass correlation (ICC).
The RMS-CV for BME volume quantification with repeated scans were 6.9%. The inter-observer ICC was 0.993 and RMS CV was 5.2%. The intra-observer ICC was 0.998 and RMS CV was 2.3%. Both maximum enhancement and slope during DCE-MRI were significantly higher in BME than in normal bone marrow (P < 0.001). No significant correlation was found between BME quantification and clinical evaluations.
A highly reproducible semi-automatic method for quantifying BME lesion burden in RA was developed, which may enhance our capability of predicting disease progression and monitoring treatment response.
Available from: Houchun Harry Hu
- "Such information is relevant as the presence of elevated bone water content could explain the tendency of persons with PFP to exhibit increased symptoms following a bout of repetitive loading (i.e., running). Using a chemical-shift-encoded water-fat magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol  , the purpose of this preliminary study was to compare patella water content between female runners with and without PFP. We hypothesized that the PFP group would demonstrate elevated patella water content when compared to the control group. "
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ABSTRACT: Increased bone water content resulting from repetitive patellofemoral joint overloading has been suggested to be a possible mechanism underlying patellofemoral pain (PFP). To date, it remains unknown whether persons with PFP exhibit elevated bone water content. The purpose of this study was to determine whether recreational runners with PFP exhibit elevated patella water content when compared to pain-free controls. Ten female recreational runners with a diagnosis of PFP (22 to 39 years of age) and 10 gender, age, weight, height, and activity matched controls underwent chemical-shift-encoded water-fat magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to quantify patella water content (i.e., water-signal fraction). Differences in bone water content of the total patella, lateral aspect of the patella, and medial aspect of the patella were compared between groups using independent t tests. Compared with the control group, the PFP group demonstrated significantly greater total patella bone water content (15.4 ± 3.5% vs. 10.3 ± 2.1%; P = 0.001), lateral patella water content (17.2 ± 4.2% vs. 11.5 ± 2.5%; P = 0.002), and medial patella water content (13.2 ± 2.7% vs. 8.4 ± 2.3%; P < 0.001). The higher patella water content observed in female runners with PFP is suggestive of venous engorgement and elevated extracellular fluid. In turn, this may lead to an increase in intraosseous pressure and pain.
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To develop novel quantitative and semiquantitative bone erosion measures at metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and wrist joints in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT), and to correlate these measurements with disease duration and bone marrow edema (BME) patterns derived from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
Sixteen patients with RA and 7 healthy subjects underwent hand and wrist HR-pQCT and 3-Tesla MRI. Bone erosions of the MCP2, MCP3, and distal radius were evaluated by measuring maximal erosion dimension on axial slices, which is a simple and fast measurement, and then were graded (grades 0-3) based on the maximal dimension. Correlation coefficients were calculated between (1) sum maximal dimensions, highest grades, and sum grades of bone erosions; (2) erosion measures and the clinical evaluation; (3) erosion measures and BME volume in distal radius.
The inter- and intrareader agreements of maximal erosion dimensions were excellent (intraclass correlation coefficients 0.89, 0.99, and root mean square error 9.4%, 4.7%, respectively). Highest grades and sum grades were significantly correlated to sum maximal dimensions of all erosions. Number of erosions, sum maximal erosion dimensions, highest grades, and sum grades correlated significantly with disease duration. Number of erosions, sum maximal dimensions, and erosion grading of the distal radius correlated significantly with BME volume.
HR-pQCT provides a sensitive method with high reader agreement in assessment of structural bone damage in RA. The good correlation of erosion measures with disease duration as well as BME volume suggests that they could become feasible measures of erosions in RA.
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To compare fat-suppressed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) quality using iterative decomposition of water and fat with echo asymmetry and least-squares estimation (IDEAL) with that using chemical shift selective fat-suppressed T1-weighted spin-echo (CHESS) images for evaluating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) lesions of the hand and finger at 3T.
Materials and methods:
MRI was performed in eight healthy volunteers and eight RA patients with a 3.0T MR system (Signa HDxt GE healthcare) using an eight-channel knee coil. FS-CHESS-T1-SE and IDEAL imaging were acquired in the coronal planes covering the entire structure of the bilateral hands with a slice thickness of 2 mm. In the RA patients both images were obtained after intravenous gadolinium administration. Image quality was evaluated on a five-point scale (1 = excellent to 5 = very poor). Synovitis and bone marrow contrast uptake on MR images were reviewed by two musculoskeletal radiologists using the Rheumatoid Arthritis MRI Scoring System (RAMRIS) of the Outcome Measures in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Trials (OMERACT) group.
IDEAL showed uniform FS unaffected by magnetic field inhomogeneity and challenging geometry of hand and fingers, while CHESS-T1-SE often showed FS failure within the first metacarpal joint, tip of the finger, and ulnar aspect of the wrist joint. Overall image quality was significantly better with IDEAL than CHESS-T1-SE images (4.43 vs. 3.43, P < 0.01). Interobserver agreement (κ value) for synovitis and bone marrow contrast uptake was good to excellent with IDEAL (0.74-0.91, 0.62-0.89, respectively).
IDEAL could compensate for the effects of field inhomogeneities, providing uniform FS of the hand and finger than did the CHESS-T1-SE sequence.
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