Use of flexible CO 2 laser fiber in microsurgery for vestibular schwannoma via the middle cranial fossa approach

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital of Wuerzburg, Josef-Schneider-Strasse 11, 97080 Wuerzburg, Germany.
Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology (Impact Factor: 1.55). 10/2011; 269(5):1417-23. DOI: 10.1007/s00405-011-1791-8
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to analyze the results of microsurgery in vestibular schwannomas (VS) with assistance of a flexible CO(2) laser fiber (Omniguide(®)) using the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach. For that purpose we performed a prospective non-randomized clinical trial. In 20 consecutive patients suffering from VS and elected for microsurgery via the MCF approach, tumor resection was performed with the aid of the flexible CO(2) laser ("laser group", LG). Twenty patients with similar tumor volume and pre-operative hearing status out of a cohort of 76 patients previously treated by the same surgeon without laser were used as comparison group ("conventional group", CG) (matched-pair-technique). Facial weakness (House-Brackmann (HB) 2-4) was seen in early postoperative (p.o.) days in six patients in each group and all recovered completely by 3 months p.o., except one patient with HB 2 in CG. Facial nerve preservation rate (HB 1 + 2) was 100% in both groups. Hearing preservation rate (Gardner/Robertson class 1 + 2 or AAO-HNS A + B, pre- and postoperatively) was 72% in LG and 82% in CG, without significant difference. Overall time from incision to skin suture was 157 min (SD 55.9) in CG and 160 min (SD 39.7) in LG. Tumor preparation time was 23.2 min (SD 19.7) in CG and 36.1 min (SD 33.8) in LG. The use of a handheld flexible CO(2) laser fiber in VS-microsurgery is safe and subjectively facilitates tumor resection especially in "difficult" (e.g., highly vascularized) tumors. However, in this limited prospective trial the excellent functional outcome following conventional microsurgery could not be further improved, nor the surgical time reduced by means of the non-contact laser-tool. Focusing the use of the flexible CO(2) laser on "difficult" tumors may lead to different results in future.

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    ABSTRACT: Encouraging results regarding hearing preservation and facial nerve function as well as increasing understanding of the natural behaviour of vestibular schwannomas have led to the recommendation of an early treatment in small VS. The aim of the present study was to evaluate current data on functional outcome of patients with small VS treated by middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach. A retrospective chart study of all cases treated by MCF approach between October 2007 and September 2011 was performed. Records were analyzed regarding demographical data, tumor size, hearing status, vestibular function and facial nerve function. Facial nerve function was classified according to the House-Brackmann scale (HB). Hearing status was classified according to the American Association of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) and a modified classification of Gardner and Robertson (GR). Eighty-nine patients were included in the study; 41 % of VS was classified as intracanalicular (stage 1) and 59 % as stage 2. From 65 patients with a preoperative hearing status according to AAO-HNS A or B, 74 % still presented with A or B after surgery. Using a modified GR classification, from 70 patients categorized as class I or II prior to surgery, 70 % were still class I or II. Looking to the facial nerve function 1 week after surgery, 82 % of patients presented with HB 1 or 2. Three to twelve months later, 96 % demonstrated HB 1 or 2. A persisting facial palsy was recorded in four patients. Preoperative hearing status was evaluated as a prognostic factor for postoperative hearing, whereas no influence was detected in ABR, vestibular function and tumor length. Early diagnosis of small VS due to high-sensitive MRI requires the management of this tumor entity. Natural behaviour of VS in many cases demonstrates an increase of tumor size over time with deterioration of hearing status. The presented data underline the recommendation of an early surgical treatment in small VS as a valuable option for hearing preservation in the therapy of VS.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to analyse the quality of life (QOL) of patients who had undergone microsurgery for vestibular schwannomas (VS). A questionnaire was sent to 117 consecutive patients who had been operated on using the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach between October 2005 and June 2011. The response rate was 91/117 (78 %) of which 86 were suitable for analysis. The questionnaire consisted of the Short Form-36 (SF-36) Health Survey including a self-designed, disease-specific section. Demographic data, tumour size, hearing status and facial nerve function were extracted from our VS database. Patients scored significantly lower in seven of the eight subscales of the SF-36 compared to German normative QOL data. But when compared to a normative group of patients with hearing loss, only two subscales were affected. The alteration of the subscales was correlated with objective and subjective parameters. Vertigo and postoperative hearing status could be identified as the parameters with the strongest influence on QOL.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The aim of this study was to analyze complications after surgery for vestibular schwannoma (VS) via the middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach. Patients and methods: 112 consecutive patients have been operated on via MCF approach in our department between October 2005 and March 2011. Postoperative complications have been registered during hospital stay as well as during outpatient follow-up. Results: 25 complications occurred in 20 patients, most common was a CSF leak (12%). In 9 cases leakage stopped after conservative management. 3 patients needed lumbar drainage and 1 patient had to undergo revision-surgery. 6 patients suffered from hemorrhage: 2 cerebellar bleedings, 1 subdural hematoma, 2 hematomas of the scalp and 1 bleeding of the sutured wound. All bleedings except the case with subdural hematoma could be managed conservatively. Furthermore, one case of meningitis and one transient ischemic attack were observed. 3 patients suffered from a deep venous thrombosis which led to a lethal pulmonary embolism in one case. Conclusions: Surgery for VS via the MCF approach is an established method with satisfying functional results and a low -complication rate. CSF leak is a common complication (12%) that can be managed conservatively in most of the cases. Severe complications that may lead to revision surgery are rare (2%). Persisting sequels of these complications occur in less than 1% of the cases.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Laryngo-Rhino-Otologie
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