Presumptive stressful life events scale (PSLES) – A new stressful life events scale for use in India

Professor and Head, Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College/Rajendra Hospital, PATIALA.
Indian Journal of Psychiatry 04/1984; 26(2):107-14.
Source: PubMed


Using an open ended question along with Holme's and Rahe's Social Readjustment Rating Schedule on a sample of two hundred adult subjects, a suitable scale of stressful life events experienced by the Indian population was constructed and standardized for two time spaces, that is, last one year and life time. Analysis of various demographic variables for this population revealed no differences on this scale for age, marital state, education and occupation. However, marked sex differences in the perceived stressfulness were observed for three of the items. The scale items were further divided into desirable, undesirable and ambiguous and also into personal and impersonal Categories. Statistically significant difference were observed between the desirable and undesirable items, the latter being perceived as more stressful. Norms for total number of life events experienced as well as the presumptive stress score were established for each event for this population. The frequency of occurrence of each event in our population was also obtained. It was Calculated that individuals in our society are likely to experience an average of two stressful life events in the past one year and ten events in a life time without suffering any adverse physical or psychological disturbance. The scale is simple to administer to literate and illiterate subjects.

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    • "In the present study, major depression was assessed by PHQ (cut off point 10) as described in Spitzer et al. (1999), and by Hamilton rating scale (cut off point 14) (Hamilton, 1960). Presumptive stressful life events scale (PSLES) (Singh et al., 1984) with 150 cut off was used (Holmes and Rahe, 1967) to assess stress. "
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    ABSTRACT: Suicide as a public health problem is studied worldwide and association of psychiatric and genetic risk factors for suicidal behavior are the point of discussion in studies across different ethnic groups. The present study is aimed at evaluating psychiatric and genetic traits among primary relatives of suicide completer families in an urban Indian population. Bi-variate analysis shows significant increase in major depression (PHQ and Hamilton), stress, panic disorder, somatoform disorder and suicide attemptamong primary compared to other relatives. Sib pair correlations also reveal significant results for major depression (Hamilton), stress, suicide attempt, intensity of suicide ideation and other anxiety syndrome. 5-HTTLPR, 5-HTT (Stin2) and COMT risk alleles are higher among primary relatives, though statistically insignificant. Backward conditional logistic regression analysis show only independent variable, Depression (Hamilton) made a unique statistically significant contribution to the model in primary relatives. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2015
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    • "Students of whom, information was incomplete or were unwilling to participate were excluded from the study. Probable risky cases (who scored 12 or above on GHQ-60) of psychiatric problems were detected and were personally interviewed by a consultant psychiatrist according to the ICD-10 criteria to ascertain " Psychiatric Caseness " and false positive cases were dropped.The diagnosed students with psychiatric problems and 30 students randomly selected out of the healthy engineering students (GHQ score < 12) for the control group were individually administeredPresumptive Stressful Life Events Scale (PSLES) by Gurmeet Singh et al. 1984 4 ,aself-designed scale approved by department of psychiatry to assess the college campus environment and Hindi Version (Joshi, 1984) of family environment scale (Moos, 1994) 5 revised. Findings were compared for each year of the students to determine the role of various factors in causation of psychiatric problems in engineering students. "

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    • "Variables related to socio-demographic characteristics, family background, suicide characteristics were assessed using a self-designed proforma. Risk-rescue rating scale was applied to know the medical seriousness after the suicide attempt.[2] Presumptive stressful life event scale was utilized to calculate life events score.[3] Psychiatric morbidity and comorbidity were analyzed using MINI Plus—a structured clinical interview for axis-I diagnoses, and IPDE—a semi-structured clinical interview for axis-II (personality) diagnoses.[45] "
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Attempted suicide is a common clinical problem in a general hospital setting. It has a serious clinical and socio-economical impact too. Aims: To study the psychosocial, psychiatric, and personality profile of the first suicide attempters in a general hospital. Settings and Design: Cross-sectional, hospital-based, descriptive study. Materials and Methods: All the consecutive cases of first suicide attempt ( n=100) treated in a general hospital were studied to know the clinical profile. Variables related to socio-demographic characteristics, family background, suicide characteristics, psychiatric morbidity, and comorbidity were analyzed. Risk-Rescue rating was applied to know the medical seriousness of the suicide attempt. Presumptive stressful life event scale was utilized to calculate life events score. Structured clinical interview (MINI Plus) and semi-structured clinical interview (IPDE) were used for axis-I and axis-II (personality) diagnoses. The results were analyzed using appropriate statistical measures. Results: Family history of psychiatric illnesses (31%) and suicide (11%) were noted. Insecticides and pesticides were the most common agents (71%) employed to attempt suicide. Interpersonal difficulties (46%) were the most frequent stressor. Overall medical seriousness of the suicide attempt was of moderate lethality. 93% of the suicide attempters had at least one axis-I and/or axis-II psychiatric disorder. Most common diagnostic categories were mood disorders, adjustment disorders, and substance-related disorders, with axis-I disorders (89%), personality disorders (52%), and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders (51.6%). Conclusion: Individuals who made first suicide attempt were young adults, had lower educational achievement; overall seriousness of the suicide attempt was of moderate lethality, high prevalence of psychiatric morbidity, personality disorders, and comorbidity, and had sought medical help from general practitioners.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
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