The-1123G > C Variant of PTPN22 Gene Promoter is Associated with Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adult Chinese Hans
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Clinical Center of Diabetes, Shanghai Institute for Diabetes, Shanghai 200233, China. Cell biochemistry and biophysics
(Impact Factor: 1.68).
09/2011; 62(2):273-9. DOI: 10.1007/s12013-011-9291-4
The protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor 22 (PTPN22) gene encodes for lymphoid protein tyrosine phosphatase. Recent studies demonstrated the association between the +1858T, -1123G>C variants of PTPN22 gene and type 1 diabetes mellitus in Caucasian and Japanese populations. This study examined the relationship between the polymorphism of PTPN22 gene and latent autoimmune 1 diabetes in adults (LADA) in Chinese Hans. We studied 229 adult Chinese patients with LADA (LADA group) and 210 healthy volunteers (control group). The -1123G>C and +1858C>T polymorphisms of PTPN22 gene were determined by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Further, genotypic/allelic frequencies and clinical characteristics were compared between two groups. There was a significant difference of frequencies of the -1123G>C polymorphism between LADA and control groups (OR = 1.99, 95% CI = 1.24-3.2; P = 0.001). However, no significant differences in the +1858C>T genotypic (CC, CT) and allelic (C, T) frequencies were found. Furthermore, the frequencies of the -1123 GC, CC genotype in male patients with LADA were significantly higher compared with male healthy volunteers (OR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.21-2.26; P = 0.005). The analysis of covariance demonstrated no difference between glycosylated hemoglobin, body mass index, duration of diabetes, C-peptide, and GAD-Ab titer between the group carrying GC/CC and the group without allele C. In conclusion, the -1123G>C promoter polymorphism of PTPN22 gene, but not the +1858C>T variant, is associated with LADA in adult Chinese Hans.
Available from: Alessandra Fierabracci
- ", showed allele frequencies more than 5% and, more specifically the − 1123G > C SNP, localized in the promoter region, was associated with the onset of acute T1D in Japanese and Korean subjects, but not with slow-onset of T1D . In a recent study the 1123G > C SNP, but not C1858T SNP, has been associated with latent autoimmune diabetes in Chinese patients  "
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ABSTRACT: Autoimmune diseases represent a heterogeneous group of conditions whose incidence is increasing worldwide. This has stimulated studies on their etiopathogenesis, derived from a complex interaction between genetic and environmental factors, in order to improve prevention and treatment of these diseases. An increasing amount of epidemiologic investigations have associated the presence of the C1858T polymorphism in the protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 (PTPN22) gene to the onset of several autoimmune diseases including insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes). PTPN22 encodes for the lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase Lyp. This belongs to non-receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases involved in lymphocyte activation and differentiation. In humans, Lyp may have a role in the negative regulation of T cell receptor signaling. The single nucleotide polymorphism C1858T encodes for a more active phosphatase Lyp R620W. This has the ability to induce a higher negative regulation of T cell receptor signaling. Thus, C1858T could play an important role at the level of thymocyte polarization and escape of autoreactive T lymphocytes, through the positive selection of otherwise negatively selected autoimmune T cells. In this review we discuss the physiological role exerted by the PTPN22 gene and its encoded Lyp product in lymphocyte processes. We highlight the pathogenic significance of the C1858T PTPN22 polymorphism in human autoimmunity with special reference to Type 1 diabetes. Recently the genetic variation in PTPN22 was shown to induce altered function of T and B-lymphocytes. In particular BCR signaling defects and alterations in the B cell compartment were reported in T1D patients. We finally speculate on the possible development of novel therapeutic treatments in human autoimmunity aiming to selectively targeting the variant Lyp protein in autoreactive T and B lymphocytes.
Available from: PubMed Central
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ABSTRACT: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is a common autoimmune disease characterized by environmental influences along with several predisposing genes in the pathogenesis. The protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor 22 (PTPN22) and signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 4 (STAT4) have been recognized as susceptibility genes for numerous autoimmune diseases. Associations of STAT4 rs7574865 G/T and PTPN22 (rs2488457 G/C and rs2476601 C/T) polymorphisms with JIA have repeatedly been replicated in several Caucasian populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of three polymorphisms mentioned above on the risk of developing JIA in Han Chinese patients. Genotyping was performed on a total of 137 Chinese patients with JIA (JIA group) and 150 sex and age frequency-matched healthy volunteers (Control group). The single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were determined by using direct sequencing of PCR-amplified products. There were significant differences of PTPN22 rs2488457 G/C and STAT4 rs7574865 G/T polymorphisms between both groups. However, no significant difference was observed in distribution frequencies of PTPN22 rs2476601 polymorphism. The association with the PTPN22 rs2488457 G/C polymorphism remained significant in the stratifications by age at onset, ANA status, splenomegaly, lymphadenectasis and involvement joints. As with the STAT4 rs7574865 G/T polymorphisms, the enthesitis-related arthritis and presence of hepatomegaly had strong effect on the association. Our data strengthen STAT4 rs7574865 G/T and PTPN22 rs2488457 G/C polymorphisms as susceptibility factors for JIA.
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ABSTRACT: A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the association of PTPN22 gene (+1858C/T -1123G/C) polymorphism with T1DM susceptibility.
Electronic databases were used to identify published studies before September 2011. We adopted the most appropriate genetic model. The combined odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was calculated to estimate the strength of the association in a fixed or random effect model. Heterogeneity and publication bias were also assessed.
Totally, 25 case-control studies including 8613 T1DM cases and 10,133 healthy controls (24 studies containing 8129 cases and 9641 controls for PTPN22 +1858C/T, 5 studies including 1460 cases and 1609 controls for PTPN22 -1123G/C) were identified as eligible and analyzed. The most appropriate co-dominant model was adopted. A significant association of PTPN22 +1858C/T gene polymorphism was found in overall population. When stratified by race, significance was observed in Europe and America, but not in Asia. We did not detect any association for PTPN22 -1123G/C polymorphism.
Our study indicated that T1DM is associated with PTPN22 +1858C/T gene polymorphism, and targeting this promoter polymorphism should be dependent on ethnicity. Whether -1123G/C polymorphism is a susceptibility locus for T1DM, further studies with well-designed among different ethnicity populations are required.
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