Natural history of older adults with impaired kidney function: The InCHIANTI study

Department of Internal Medicine, Rehabilitation and Geriatrics, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland.
Rejuvenation Research (Impact Factor: 3.31). 09/2011; 14(5):513-23. DOI: 10.1089/rej.2011.1179
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to assess the kidney function of an older community-dwelling population at baseline and appraise its evolution after 3 years of follow-up in terms of chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage progression, magnitude of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) changes, and value of serum creatinine. This was a prospective population-based study of 676 Italian participants, aged 65 years and older. GFR was estimated using the Cockcroft-Gault equation and the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study equation. Using the Cockcroft-Gault equation. A total of 33% of participants had criteria of CKD (GFR < 60 mL/min) at baseline; among them, the majority remained stable, 10% improved, and 7% progressed to more severe CKD stages at follow-up. Loss of GFR in participants with GFR < 60 mL/min was significantly lower (1.4 mL/min per year) than in participants with GFR ≥ 60 mL/min (3.3 mL/min per year) at baseline. Most participants classified with CKD stage 2 (GFR 60-89 mL/min) or stage 3 (GFR 30-59 mL/min) at baseline did not change stage, whereas 55% of people with CKD stage 1 (GFR > 90 mL/min) at baseline worsened to stage 2 and 10% worsened to stage 3. An abnormal high level of serum creatinine at baseline did not help to predict who might worsen at follow-up. Older people with CKD displayed a low progression of renal disease and therefore are at higher risk for co-morbidities related to CKD than for progression to end-stage renal disease.

Download full-text


Available from: Francesco Pizzarelli
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Benefits of early nephrology care are well-established, but as many as 40% of U.S. patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) do not see a nephrologist before its onset. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of proactive, population-based nephrologist oversight (PPNO) on chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Retrospective control analysis of Kaiser Permanente Hawaii members with CKD using propensity score matching methods. We matched 2,938 control and case pairs of individuals with stage 3a CKD for the pre-PPNO period (2001-2004) and post-PPNO period (2005-2008) that were similar in other characteristics: age, gender, and the presence of diabetes and hypertension. After three years, we classified the stage outcomes for all individuals. We assessed the PPNO effect across all stages of progression with a χ2- test. We used the z-score test to assess the proportional differences in progression within a stage. The progression within the post-PPNO period was less severe and significantly different from the pre-PPNO period (p = 0.027). Within the stages, there were 2.6% more individuals remaining in 3a in the post-period (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.5% to 3.8%; P value < 0.00001). Progression from 3a to 3b was 2.2% less in the post-period (95% [CI], 0.7% to 3.6%; P value = 0.0017), 3a to 4/5 was 0.2% less (95% CI, 0.0% to 0.87%; P value = 0.26), and 3a to ESRD was 0.24% less (95% CI, 0.0% to 0.66%, P value = 0.10). Proactive, population-based nephrologist oversight was associated with a statistically significant decrease in progression. With enabling health information technology, risk stratification and targeted intervention by collaborative primary and specialty care achieves population-level care improvements. This model may be applicable to other chronic conditions.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2012 · BMC Health Services Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in older people is increasing. We determine the proportion of CKD in a sample of 321, 85-year-old community-dwelling subjects, and assess the association of socio-demographic data, global geriatric assessment data and comorbidity with CKD according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of subjects. Serum creatinine, eGFR (derived in ml/min/1.73 m(2) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula), socio-demographic variables, the Barthel Index (BI), the Spanish version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MEC), the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), the Charlson Index, the Gait Rating Scale, social risk, quality of life and prevalent chronic diseases were collected. CKD prevalence was 56.7% for eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2), 19.9% for eGFR < 45 ml/min/1.73 m(2) and 6.6% for GFR < 30 ml/min/1.73 m(2). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that a prior diagnosis of hypertension was associated with an eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (p<0.008, OR 2.134, 95% CI 1.216-3.744). A diagnosis of heart failure (p<0.001, OR 3.610, 95% CI 1.677-7.771) and a poor score on the quality of life measure (p<0.008, OR 0.9660, 95% CI 0.966-0.995) were associated with an eGFR < 45 ml/min/1.73 m(2). More than half of the oldest old in this study had an eGFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m(2). A history of hypertension was associated with CKD. The group of patients with an eGFR < 45 ml/min/1.73 m(2) was associated with a diagnosis of heart failure and a worse quality of life.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · European Journal of Internal Medicine
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Internal and Emergency Medicine
Show more