Predictors of reintervention in neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum

Department of Cardiac Sciences, King Abdulaziz Medical City, National Guard Health Affairs, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions (Impact Factor: 2.11). 03/2012; 79(4):659-64. DOI: 10.1002/ccd.23320
Source: PubMed


Describe the short and midterm outcome and to determine the predictors of reintervention in neonates with critical pulmonary stenosis (PS) or pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS).
The transcatheter intervention for critical PS and PA/IVS resulted in improvement in the patient's survival and the quality of life. The procedure is not free of complications and there is still a significant rate of reintervention.
All neonates with critical PS or PA/IVS who underwent interventional cardiac catheterization between November 2004 and January 2009 were reviewed retrospectively. We performed a comparison between those who required reintervention and those who did not, to identify the predictors of reintervention.
Forty-three neonates were included, 23 (53.5%) had critical PS and 20 (46.5%) had PA/IVS. Twenty-six patients (60%) were males, the mean age was 11 ± 8 days, and the mean weight was 3.2 ± 0.6 kg. Two patients died (4.6%). The mean follow-up period was 19 ± 13 months for 42 patients. Fifteen patients (36%) required reintervention, 11 of them (73%) had PA/IVS, and 4 (27%) had critical PS. Reintervention was more in patients with PA/IVS than those with critical PS (P = 0.003). Other predictors for reintervention included hospital stay ≥ 7.5 days (P = 0.001) and tricuspid valve regurgitation peak gradient in day one post first intervention (TR1) ≥ 43 mm Hg (P = 0.03).
Interventional cardiac catheterization shows favorable outcome for patients with critical PS and PA/IVS. Predictors for reintervention included the diagnosis of PA/IVS, hospital stay ≥7.5 days after first intervention and TR1 gradient ≥ 43 mm Hg.

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Available from: Mostafa A Abolfotouh
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    ABSTRACT: Radiofrequency perforation and valvuloplasty (RFV) is an effective initial treatment in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) and mild to moderate right ventricle and tricuspid valve hypoplasia. Outcomes and risk factors for the need for additional interventions in these patients are poorly defined. All patients with PA-IVS who underwent RFV at our center between January 2000 and July 2011 were reviewed. Twenty-three patients met the inclusion criteria. All patients underwent successful valvuloplasty with no procedural deaths and one major complication. Excluding two patients with limited follow-up, 6 (29 %) patients underwent no subsequent interventions, whereas 9 (42 %) patients underwent surgical right-ventricular outflow tract augmentation. All except one patient with adequate follow-up have a biventricular circulation with saturation >92 %. Patients who did not undergo any right-ventricular outflow tract intervention after valvuloplasty had a significantly lower gradient across the pulmonary valve after valvuloplasty (9.9 mmHg ± 8.4 vs. 19.1 mmHg ± 10.4, p = 0.05). Significantly more patients who received a supplemental source of pulmonary blood flow had a tricuspid valve z-score <-0.7 compared with patients who did not receive supplemental blood flow [2 (15 %) vs. 7 (70 %), p = 0.008]. In our cohort of patients with PA-IVS, radiofrequency perforation with valvuloplasty was an effective and safe first step in establishing a biventricular circulation. Postvalvuloplasty pulmonary valve gradient may be predictive of subsequent outflow tract intervention, and tricuspid hypoplasia may be predictive of the need for a supplemental source of pulmonary blood flow.
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