Association between brain‐derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene polymorphisms and executive function in Japanese patients with Alzheimer's disease

Division of Molecular Genetics, Institute of DNA Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
Psychogeriatrics (Impact Factor: 0.99). 09/2011; 11(3):141-9. DOI: 10.1111/j.1479-8301.2011.00364.x
Source: PubMed


To address the functional roles of genetic polymorphisms of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in Alzheimer's disease (AD) from a neuropsychological aspect, we used a cross-sectional study design to investigate the association between novel single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the BDNF gene (Val66Met (G196A) and C270T) and the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB) score, which reflects executive function as a non-memory cognitive impairment.
One hundred and sixty-nine outpatients with AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment (A-MCI) were recruited to the study and divided into three genotypic groups for each representative BDNF functional polymorphism as follows: (i) Val66Met (G196A): G/G (n = 45), G/A (n = 104), and A/A (n = 20); and (ii) C270T: C/C (n = 160), C/T (n = 9), and T/T (n = 0). Then, age, sex ratio, duration of illness (months), education years, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score, behavioral pathology in Alzheimer disease (Behave-AD) score, Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) ratio, and total and subtest FAB scores were compared between the genotypic groups for each SNP.
Significant differences were found in the total (P < 0.01) and subtest (conflicting instructions and prehension behavior; P < 0.01) FAB scores between the C270T polymorphism groups (C/C and C/T), but not among the G196A polymorphism groups. However, no significant differences in age, sex ratio, duration of illness (months), education years, Behave-AD score, CDR ratio, or MMSE score (reflecting attention and memory function) were found between the individual polymorphism genotypes (G196A and C270T).
Of the known BDNF polymorphisms, the C270T SNP may influence executive dysfunction as a non-memory cognitive impairment in Japanese patients with AD.

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    • "In schizophrenia, Rybakowski et al. (2006) reported that patients with the Met allele have poorer performance on tests of memory than those with the Val allele. However, the role of Val66Met in cognition is examined in other studies of neuropsychiatric disorders with slightly different results (Yu et al. 2008; Nagata et al. 2011). It has been demonstrated that atypical antipsychotic drugs have the ability to improve the various domains of cognitive function impaired in schizophrenia (Meltzer and McGurk 1999). "
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    ABSTRACT: Cognitive impairment is one of the core symptoms in schizophrenia, which reflects the neurodevelopmental deficits in the etiology of this disease. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays an important role in various neurodevelopmental processes. Growing evidence has shown that BDNF may be involved in the etiology of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to examine the association of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism with cognition in patients with schizophrenia. Various neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) were employed in a sample of 112 antipsychotic-naïve patients with schizophrenia and 63 healthy controls. We examined the Val66Met polymorphism in the 112 patients and 394 controls. Among the patients, cognition was compared between Met allele carriers and non-Met allele carriers. A wide range of cognitive deficits were demonstrated in the schizophrenic patients, compared with the controls (Ps < 0.01). No significant differences of genotype or allele distribution were identified between patients and controls. The patients with Met allele showed more percent WCST perseverative errors than those without Met allele (P = 0.007). After stratification based on gender, an association between the Met allele and a higher percentage of perseverative errors was found in male patients (P = 0.014), but not in females (P = 0.09). Cognitive performance is broadly impaired in schizophrenic patients. The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism may be involved in the impaired executive function. This effect may have gender-specific characteristics.
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    ABSTRACT: Brain-derived factor (BDNF) is a member of neurotrophin family and is localized and upregulated in areas implicated in epileptogenesis. Several lines of evidence make the BDNF gene a plausible candidate gene for predisposition to epilepsy. In this study, we tested that BDNF might be involved in the etiology of childhood PE. To assess whether BDNF gene C270T polimorphism could be implicated in vulnerability to PE, we conducted a case-control association analysis (112 partial epileptic and 100 controls) in Turkish children. Epileptic children were divided into two groups: 1--idiopathic (n = 85) and 2--symptomathic epilepsy (n = 27). There was no significant difference in genotypic distribution and allelic frequencies of the BDNF gene C270T polimorphism between the PE and control groups. However, the BDNF gene TT genotype was more frequently seen in the epileptic children (15 versus 11 patients, resp.). Interestingly, in the epilepsy group, both two children with TT genotype have posttraumatic epilepsy. The data indicate a possible association with the 270T genotype of the BDNF gene with a posttraumatic epilepsy. To draw any conclusion, further studies using larger sample sizes should be carried out in various ethnic populations in childhood epilepsies.
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