CDDO-Methyl Ester Delays Breast Cancer Development in Brca1-Mutated Mice

Department of Medicine, Dartmouth Medical School, Hanover, NH 03755, USA.
Cancer Prevention Research (Impact Factor: 4.44). 09/2011; 5(1):89-97. DOI: 10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0359
Source: PubMed


The breast cancer-associated gene 1 (BRCA1) is the most frequently mutated tumor suppressor gene in familial breast cancers. Mutations in BRCA1 also predispose to other types of cancers, pointing to a fundamental role of this pathway in tumor suppression and emphasizing the need for effective chemoprevention in these high-risk patients. Because the methyl ester of the synthetic triterpenoid 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO-Me) is a potent chemopreventive agent, we tested its efficacy in a highly relevant mouse model of BRCA1-mutated breast cancer. Beginning at 12 weeks of age, Brca1(Co/Co); MMTV-Cre;p53(+/-) mice were fed powdered control diet or diet containing CDDO-Me (50 mg/kg diet). CDDO-Me significantly (P < 0.05) delayed tumor development in the Brca1-mutated mice by an average of 5.2 weeks. We also observed that levels of ErbB2, p-ErbB2, and cyclin D1 increased in a time-dependent manner in the mammary glands in Brca1-deficient mice, and CDDO-Me inhibited the constitutive phosphorylation of ErbB2 in tumor tissues from these mice. In BRCA1-deficient cell lines, the triterpenoids directly interacted with ErbB2, decreased constitutive phosphorylation of ErbB2, inhibited proliferation, and induced G(0)-G(1) arrest. These results suggest that CDDO-Me has the potential to prevent BRCA1-mutated breast cancer.

Download full-text


Available from: Karen T Liby, Jul 25, 2014
  • Source
    • "Natural triterpenoids are abundantly found in marine sources, for example marine sponges, sea cucumbers, or marine algae [103], and have antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, anti-inflammatory, and pro-apoptotic activity [104]. CDDO esters and CDDO-Me have been shown to delay ER-negative mammary tumor formation in animal studies (Table 1) [70, 105]. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Preventing breast cancer is an effective strategy for reducing breast cancer deaths. The purpose of chemoprevention (also termed preventive therapy) is to reduce cancer incidence by use of natural, synthetic, or biological agents. The efficacy of tamoxifen, raloxifene, and exemestane as preventive therapy against estrogen-receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer is well established for women at increased risk for breast cancer. However, because breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, distinct preventive approaches may be required for effective prevention of each subtype. Current research is, therefore, focused on identifying alternative mechanisms by which biologically active compounds can reduce the risk of all breast cancer subtypes including ER-negative breast cancer. Promising agents are currently being developed for prevention of HER2-positive and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and include inhibitors of the ErbB family receptors, COX-2 inhibitors, metformin, retinoids, statins, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors, and natural compounds. This review focuses on recent progress in research to develop more effective preventive agents, in particular for prevention of ER-negative breast cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Current Breast Cancer Reports
  • Source
    • "In a mouse model in which deletion of the BRCA1 gene (breast cancer associated gene 1) is combined with a mutation in a single allele in the p53 tumor suppressor gene, CDDO-Me significantly delays tumor development [20]. Beginning at 12 weeks of age, Brca1Co/Co; MMTV-Cre;p53+/- mice were fed powdered control diet or diet containing CDDO-Me. "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Solid cancer remains a major cause of death in the world. As limited treatment options are currently available to patients with solid cancer, novel preventive control and effective therapeutic approaches are considered to be reasonable and decisive measures to combat this disease. The plant-derived triterpenoids, commonly used for medicinal purposes in many Asian countries, poses various pharmacological properties. A large number of triterpenoids exhibit cytotoxicity against a variety of cancer cells, and cancer preventive, as well as anticancer efficacy in preclinical animal models. To improve antitumor activity, some synthetic triterpenoid derivatives have been synthesized, including cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9(11)- dien-28-oic (CDDO), its methyl ester (CDDO-Me), and imidazolide (CDDO-Im) derivatives. In this review, we will critically examine the current preclinical evidences of cancer preventive and therapeutic activity about one of the synthetic triterpenoids, CDDO-Me. Both in vitro and in vivo effects of this agent and related molecular mechanisms are presented.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · Molecular Cancer
  • Source
    • ". Immunohistochemistry was performed as previously described [14]. An antibody against CYP7A1 was purchased from Abcam (Cambridge, MA). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) have well-documented protective effects against obesity-induced insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis. Here, we investigated the effects of endogenous n-3 PUFAs on diet-induced fatty liver disease using fat-1 transgenic mice (fat-1) capable of converting n-6 to n-3 PUFAs. Wild-type (WT) and fat-1 mice were maintained on a high-fat diet (HFD) for 5months. HFD-induced weight gain and fatty liver were more prominent in WT mice than fat-1 mice. Histological analysis indicated that WT mice fed the HFD developed moderate-to-severe macrovesicular steatosis, whereas fat-1 mice developed very mild steatosis. In addition, HFD-induced hepatocyte ballooning and fibrosis were ameliorated in fat-1 mice. Serum alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels were within the respective normal ranges in HFD-fed fat-1 mice, whereas both were significantly elevated in HFD-fed WT mice. The fat-1 mice showed significantly decreased serum lipid levels, including triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), HDL-C, and LDL-C, compared to WT mice regardless of diet. Specifically, the increases in very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) and chylomicrons detected in HFD-fed WT mice were completely blunted in HFD-fed fat-1 mice. Gene expression analysis showed that hepatic Cyp7a1 mRNA and protein expression levels were markedly increased in HFD-fed fat-1 mice. In addition, genes involved in cholesterol uptake (Ldlr) and bile acid excretion (Abcg5 and Abcg8) were increased in the livers of fat-1 mice. These data suggest that n-3 PUFAs ameliorate diet-induced hyperlipidemia and fatty liver through induction of CYP7A1 expression and activation of cholesterol catabolism to bile acid.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · Biochemical pharmacology
Show more