Residential satisfaction, sense of belonging and loneliness among older adults living in the community and in care facilities

National School of Public Health, Carlos III Institute of Health, Madrid 28029, Spain.
Health & Place (Impact Factor: 2.81). 09/2011; 17(6):1183-90. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.012
Source: PubMed


The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of residential satisfaction and sense of belonging on loneliness in old age in two different contexts: the community and the residential care facility. We used two surveys of 1106 non-institutionalized and 234 institutionalized older adults, aged 60 years or more in Spain. Results from structural equation modeling and path analysis suggest that residential satisfaction would positively affect sense of belonging and would be negatively associated with loneliness in both residential environments, thus playing a protective role against the experience of loneliness.

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Available from: Fermina Rojo-Pérez, Feb 06, 2014
    • "However, results based on the application of P–E Fit models show that the suitability of a living space depends not only on practical adaptations (accessibility), but also on the resident's subjective sense of usability, the perceptions about the extent to which material conditions fulfil personal needs (Aragonés et al. 2002; Christensen et al. 1992; Fänge and Iwarsson 1999; Oswald et al. 2005). Residential satisfaction has been a recurrent single-item indicator of housing adequacy in these studies, strongly influenced by multiple factors: the sociodemographic profile and health status of the individual (Pinquart and Burmedi 2003; Rojo-Pérez et al. 2001); the physical environment, including accessibility of services and amenities (Rioux and Werner 2011); and psychological and social factors such as inter-personal relationships (Prieto-Flores et al. 2011). More recent conceptual frameworks go beyond the limits of objective housing attributes and the level of functional adaptation suggested by P–E Fit models. "
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