Article

Fournier's gangrene in elderly patient: Report of a case

Department of Surgery, Kubokawa Hospital, Kochi, Japan.
The Journal of Medical Investigation 08/2011; 58(3-4):255-8. DOI: 10.2152/jmi.58.255
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Fournier's gangrene (FG) is rapidly progressing acute gangrenous infection of the anorectal and urogenital area. FG needs precocious diagnosis and aggressive treatment with the use of wide spectrum antibioticus and surgical debridement. In our case, a 91-year-old Japanese female who had rehabilitation after treatment of pneumonia and her past history was rheumatoid arthritis treated with steroid and chronic heart failure. Her activities of daily living was bedridden with dementia. Necrotic skin was observed in urogenital and anorectal area and skin redness enlarged to the hip with high fever. Surgical debridement was performed. Both Peptostreptococcus Sp. and Fusobacterium Sp. was cultured from resected necrotic tissue. We used antibioticus, PAPM and PIPC, which had sensitivity for them. But unfortunately, disseminated intravascular coagulation occurred after 4th day of operation, and finally she died after 10th day of operation. We discussed the treatment for FG in patient with complication.

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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUÇÃO: A gangrena de Fournier é uma fasciite necrosante sinérgica do períneo e parede abdominal, que tem origem no escroto e pênis, no homem, e vulva e virilha, na mulher. O processo inicialmente foi descrito como idiopático, mas atualmente sabe-se que se trata de grave afecção causada por bactérias Gram positivas, Gram negativas ou anaeróbios, que pode levar a comprometimento sistêmico importante e, eventualmente, morte. MÉTODO: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo, baseado na análise de prontuários médicos de 23 pacientes portadores de síndrome de Fournier, no período de janeiro de 2002 a janeiro de 2012. O tratamento dos pacientes incluiu intervenção precoce, com antibioticoterapia de largo espectro e desbridamentos consecutivos. O procedimento terapêutico empregado para a reconstrução variou desde a aproximação das bordas com sutura simples até uso de retalhos e enxertos, nas lesões extensas. RESULTADOS: As técnicas de reparação cutânea foram eficientes e a reparação escrotal foi também efetiva em todos os casos, obtendo-se bons resultados estéticos. Houve 3 (13%) óbitos, 2 deles em pacientes com doenças pregressas e portadores de comorbidades. CONCLUSÕES: Apesar da reconhecida gravidade da Síndrome de Fournier, as medidas terapêuticas adotadas, como rápida intervenção, desbridamento precoce e antibioticoterapia de amplo espectro, juntamente com abordagem multidisciplinar, demonstraram-se bastante eficazes no controle da doença, permitindo reconstrução cirúrgica das áreas atingidas, com baixa mortalidade.
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    ABSTRACT: Fournier's gangrene (FG) is a rapidly progressive and necrotizing infection of the subcutaneous and fascial tissues with a high mortality rate. In the present study, we aimed to investigate prognostic factors and analyze the outcomes of 68 patients in a tertiary reference hospital. Patients admitted to the emergency department were investigated retrospectively between January 2006 and January 2013 and divided into two groups. The patients in Group I (G1) required one debridement, and Group II (G2) patients required more than one. Patient demographic and clinical characteristics were encoded. Fournier's Gangrene Severity Index (FGSI) scores, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratios (NLR), and platelet-lymphocyte ratios (PLR) were calculated. Prognostic factors were compared between the groups. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups in terms of mean age, female-male ratio, or duration of symptoms on admission; however, there were more infection sources, predisposal factors, and positive culture results in G2. Additionally, hospital stay, total cost, and mortality rate values were high in G2. We found statistically higher NLR and PLR ratios in G2, but there was no significant difference in FGSI scores between the groups. The FGSI scoring system was not found to be valuable in determining prognosis. However, NLR and PLR were valuable, and previous use of NLR and PLR for determining Fournier's gangrene prognosis could not be found in the English literature.
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