Migration of natural estrogens around a concentrated dairy-feeding operation
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, 100875 Beijing, People's Republic of China. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
(Impact Factor: 1.68).
09/2011; 184(8):5035-41. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-011-2319-9
Concentrated animal feeding operations have been recognized as one of the most important contributors of natural estrogens which show significant endocrine-disrupting properties in aquatic environments. In this study, the concentrations of 17α-estradiol (17α-E2), 17β-estradiol (17β-E2), estrone (E1), and estriol (E3) in several matrices, including soils (surface and deep), sediments (surface and deep), and groundwaters, around a typical dairy farm were surveyed using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Of the two farmlands, surface and subsurface sediments in waste lagoon and along effluent drainage drench, the concentrations of 17α-E2, 17β-E2, and E1 ranged from below detection limit to the highest level of 6.60 μg/kg, except that E3 was not detectable. Three estrogens of 17α-E2, 17β-E2, and E1 with the concentrations of 3.18-31.61 ng/L were observed in two groundwater samples. The results clearly demonstrated the vertical migration and horizontal transport of estrogens in the investigated area. Within 750-m distance, it was observed the attenuation of 17α-E2, 17β-E2, and E1 along the effluent route and the horizontal migration of estrogens was less than 1,350 m in this survey.
Available from: Qi Yuan
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ABSTRACT: A total of 62 papers published in 2012 were reviewed ranging from detailed descriptions of analytical methods, to fate and occurrence studies, to ecological effects and sampling techniques for a wide variety of emerging contaminants. New methods and studies on veterinary pharmaceuticals, steroids, antibiotic resistance genes and prion proteins in agricultural environments continue to expand our knowledge base on the occurrence and potential impacts of these compounds. This review is divided into the following sections: Introduction, Analytical Methods for Emerging Contaminants, Monitoring with Passive Samplers, Occurrence and Fate of Steroid Hormones, Antimicrobials and Antibiotic Resistance Genes, and Prions as Emerging Contaminants.
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ABSTRACT: The Yangtze River is the longest river in China, and the river basin spans one fifth of the area of the whole country. Based on statistical data, the excretion of manure-borne steroid hormones, including steroid estrogens (SEs) and steroid androgens (SAs), in 10 provinces of China within the region has been estimated. The potential environmental and ecological risk of manure-borne steroid estrogens to the surface water in this region was also assessed. The manure-borne SE and SA excretions in the 10 provinces and municipalities vary in the order: Sichuan>Hunan>Hubei>Yunnan>Jiangsu>Anhui>Jiangxi>Chongqing>Qinghai>Shanghai. The highest increase of manure-borne SEs (1434.3kg) and SAs (408.5kg) was found in Hunan and Hubei provinces, respectively, and the total excretion in 2013 was 65% more than 15years earlier in these two provinces. However, the emissions in Anhui and Shanghai decreased in this 15year period of time. Swine urine, chicken feces, cattle urine, and laying hen feces were considered the dominant sources of manure-borne E1, βE2, αE2, and SAs, respectively. Although Jiangsu province did not have the largest excretion of manure-borne SEs, it had the highest level of predicted 17β-estradiol equivalency (EEQs) value of 16.65ng/L in surface water because of the limited surface water resources. According to the lowest observable effect level of 10ng/L for 17β-estradiol, the manure-borne SEs in Jiangsu province might potentially pose ecological risk to its wild aquatic organisms. © 2015 The Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
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