Article

Tortuous right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg

Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery and Congenital Heart Surgery, Onassis Cardiac Center, Athens, Greece.
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (Impact Factor: 1.16). 09/2011; 13(6):672-4. DOI: 10.1510/icvts.2011.283689
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

We are reporting the successful surgical treatment of a 23-year-old female with a giant right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula. This woman had complaints of chest pain and dyspnea on exertion for few months. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed a large tortuous right coronary artery and a dilated coronary sinus. Preoperative multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography and cardiac catheterization confirmed the diagnosis of a right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula. The patient underwent surgical closure of the fistula and division of the communication between the right coronary artery and the coronary sinus with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 5 and at one-year follow-up is symptom-free.

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    • "Most studies have found that symptoms and complications increase with age making surgical correction recommended before the development of symptoms and when left to right shunt (Qp/Qs) is >1 : 1.5 in asymptomatic patients [5]. Current treatment options for CAF include fistula surgical ligation and transcatheter closure. "
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    ABSTRACT: Coronary Arteriovenous Fistula (CAF) is a rare defect that occurs in 0.1-0.2% of patients undergoing coronary angiography; Coronary Artery Aneurism (CAA) also occurs in approximately 15-19% of patients with CAF. It is usually congenital, but in rare occasions it occurs after chest trauma, cardiac surgery, or coronary interventions. The case described is that of a 72-year-old woman, without previous history of cardiovascular disease, who presented a huge cardiac mass. A multimodal approach was necessary to diagnose a giant CAA with CAF responsible for compression and displacement of cardiac structures. Due to likely congenitally origin of the lesion and the absence of symptoms correlated to the CAA and to the CAF we decided to avoid invasive interventions and to treat the patient with medical therapy.
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    • "We were able to find eight cases of congenial giant right coronary artery to CS reported in the literature (Table 1).3-6)11-14) Five out of 8 cases were repaired with surgery. "
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    ABSTRACT: The combination of coronary arteriovenous fistula to the coronary sinus (CS), dilatation of the entire length of coronary artery, coronary aneurysm and persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is very rare. We present the case of a 63-year-old female admitted for dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and facial edema. Echocardiography detected a giant coronary artery with shunt flow, dilated CS and PLSVC and a coronary angiography reaffirmed these findings. The calculated ratio of pulmonary blood flow to systemic blood flow by cardiac catheterization was 1.53. After multidisciplinary review considering old age, hypoactivity due to underlying Parkinsonism and relatively small amount of shunt flow, medical therapy was chosen. The patient remained asymptomatic for 10 months after discharge without intervention.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · Korean Circulation Journal
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    • "[1] "
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    ABSTRACT: We are reporting the successful surgical treatment of a 23-year-old female with a giant right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula. This woman had complaints of chest pain and dyspnea on exertion for few months. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed a large tortuous right coronary artery and a dilated coronary sinus. Preoperative multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary angiography and cardiac catheterization confirmed the diagnosis of a right coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula. The patient underwent surgical closure of the fistula and division of the communication between the right coronary artery and the coronary sinus with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 5 and at one-year follow-up is symptom-free.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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