Evaluation of 1-stage and 2-stage selection in yellow perch I: Genetic and phenotypic parameters for body weight of F1 fish reared in ponds using microsatellite parentage assignment
Two selection methods, 1-stage selection (OSS) and 2-stage selection (TSS), for improving efficiency and profitability of selective breeding of yellow perch were evaluated, through examining the genetic and phenotypic parameters for BW of F(1) fish using microsatellite parentage assignment in this study. Approximately 94% of the sampled yellow perch progeny were assigned to single parental pairs using 8 microsatellite markers, which confirmed the applicability of the communal rearing technique in yellow perch breeding. Within OSS, the genetic correlation between 1-yr-BW and 2-yr-BW was high (0.98), indicating that the growth of yellow perch recorded at yr 1 could predict their growth for yr 2. Also mean family BW and family EBV for BW between yr 1 and 2 were found to be significantly correlated, suggesting yr 1 fast-growing yellow perch families continued to be the fast growing families in yr 2. Two-year random fish undergoing TSS were significantly heavier (P < 0.01) than those undergoing OSS. In addition, top males and females with TSS were heavier (P < 0.01) than those with OSS. Based on these results we concluded that the TSS was more desirable and effective for yellow perch breeding compared with OSS in terms of improving selection efficiency and reducing costs.