Article

Inhibitory effects of Schizandra chinensis extract on atopic dermatitis in NC/Nga mice

Department of Physiology, College of Oriental Medicine, Dongguk University, Republic of Korea.
Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology (Impact Factor: 1.2). 08/2011; 34(2):292-8. DOI: 10.3109/08923973.2011.602689
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT

Schizandra chinensis Baillon (SC) is traditionally used as a medicinal plant in the Orient. Recently, SC has become recognized as an adaptogen by the mainstream medical community. Phytoadaptogens influence respiratory, cardiovascular, uterus myotonic, and immune activities. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is an allergic inflammatory skin disease caused by aberrant and over-reactive immune responses.
This study assessed the suppressive effect of SC extract (SCE) on 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD in a NC/Nga mouse model.
AD was induced by topically applying 0.2% DNCB to the hairless-back of NC/Nga mice for 4 weeks. Treated mice received SCE or dexamethasone after AD induction.
SCE markedly suppressed DNCB-induced dermatitis, as determined by a count of scratching frequency; measurement of IgE, IgM, and histamine levels in serum; and histological observation of epidermal hyperplasia and mast-cell infiltration. Additionally, SCE lessened DNCB-induced histamine receptor mRNA expression in skin tissue and the splenic expressions of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and high-affinity IgE receptor B protein.
SCE appears useful for suppression of AD, even though the active pathway(s) remain unknown.

0 Followers
 · 
13 Reads
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Herbs are widely used in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) in Eastern Asian countries, and certain herbs regarded have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with AD. With the goal of developing a topical herbal agent for AD, we conducted a systematic review of in vivo studies of AD-like skin models for screening potential herbs. Searches were conducted from PubMed and EMBASE. After all, 22 studies were included for this review. We judged most of the domains of all studies to be at unclear risk of bias. Among 22 included studies, 21 herbs have been reported to reduce AD-like skin lesions in mouse models by suppressing Th2 cell response. Our findings may offer potential herbs for the topical application treatment of AD.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · Mediators of Inflammation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Schisandra chinensis Turcz. fruit is widely used to treat skin diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of the methanol extract of S. chinensis (MESC) on 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced contact dermatitis (CD) in mice. The effects of MESC on ear thickness and weight, histopathological changes, immune cell filtration and cytokine production were investigated in DNFB-induced CD mice. Topical application of MESC effectively inhibited ear swelling (30 or 300 µg on the left ear, P<0.001; 30 µg on the right ear, P<0.001). MESC also inhibited hyperplasia, spongiosis (100 µg/ear, P<0.05 and 300 µg/ear, P<0.001, respectively) and immune cell infiltration (100 µg/ear, P<0.05; 300 µg/ear, P<0.001) induced by DNFB. In addition, MESC suppressed increases in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)‑α levels (100 or 300 µg/ear, P<0.05), interferon (INF)‑γ (30 µg/ear, P<0.05; 100 µg/ear, P<0.01; 300 µg/ear, P<0.001), interleukin (IL)‑6 (300 µg/ear, P<0.05) and monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)‑1 (30 µg/ear, P<0.05; 100 µg/ear, P<0.01; 300 µg/ear, P<0.001). These results suggest that the anti‑inflammatory effects of MESC are mediated by the reduced production of TNF‑α, IFN‑γ, IL‑6 and MCP‑1, and that MESC has potential use for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Molecular Medicine Reports
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In Oriental countries, the dried fruits of Schisandra chinensis are extensively used in traditional medicine to treat asthma, gonorrhea, and other diseases. Recently, α-cubebenoate was isolated as an anti-inflammatory component from Schisandra chinensis. In the present study, the authors examined the anti-allergic effect of α-cubebenoate using in vivo and in vitro experiments. α-Cubebenoate was isolated from an extract of Schisandra chinensis fruits. Antigen-induced degranulation and Ca(2+) mobilization were measured in RBL-2H3 mast cells. In addition, BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin and aluminum hydroxide, and then challenged with ovalbumin for three consecutive days. α-Cubebenoate (1mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally 30min before each ovalbumin challenge. In RBL-2H3 mast cells, α-cubebenoate inhibited antigen-induced degranulation and increase of intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. In the ovalbumin-induced asthma model, α-cubebenoate suppressed bronchiolar structural changes induced by ovalbumin challenge. Furthermore, α-cubebenoate strongly inhibited accumulations of eosinophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. α-Cubebenoate also suppressed Th2 cytokines (IL-4 and IL-13) and TGF-β1 in lung tissues and in immune cells at the mRNA and protein levels. α-Cubebenoate has an inhibitory effect on allergic inflammation and could be utilized as an agent for the treatment of asthma. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of ethnopharmacology
Show more