Age, Cumulative Trauma and Stressful Life Events, and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms Among Older Adults in Prison: Do Subjective Impressions Matter?

Fordham University Graduate School of Social Service, New York, NY 10023, USA.
The Gerontologist (Impact Factor: 3.21). 08/2011; 51(5):675-86. DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnr074
Source: PubMed


The aging prison population in the United States presents a significant public health challenge with high rates of trauma and mental health issues that the correctional system alone is ill-prepared to address. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of age, objective, and subjective measures of trauma and stressful life events and post-traumatic stress symptoms among older adults in prison.
Data were gathered from 334 prisoners (aged 55+) housed in the New Jersey Department of Corrections, as of September 2010. An anonymous self-report, self-administered survey was mailed to the total population of 1,000 prisoners aged 55 years and older. Objective and subjective trauma was measured using the Life Stressors Checklist-Revised (LSC-R), and post-traumatic stress symptoms were measured using the Civilian Version of the Post-traumatic Stress Scale.
Results of a path analysis revealed that past year subjective impressions of traumatic and stressful life events had a positive and significant relationship to current post-traumatic stress symptoms. Age was found to have a significant and inverse relationship to subjective traumatic and stressful life events. That is, younger participants reported higher levels of cumulative traumatic and stressful life events and past year subjective ratings of being bothered by these past events.
These findings have significance for interdisciplinary/interprofessional practice and appropriate institutional and community care, including reentry planning of older adults in the criminal justice system.

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Available from: Tina Maschi
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    • "Recent research has examined the traumatic and stressful life experiences of older incarcerated adults to increase our knowledge of their histories and gain a better understanding of their complex mental and physical health needs ( Maschi et al . 2011 ) . Results from a mailed survey of 335 state prisoners aged 55 and older by Maschi et al . ( 2011 ) indicate that about 70% reported a lifetime history of witnessing violence , 32% reported a history of physical or sexual assault before the age of 16 , and 68% reported stress related to prison confinement and being diagnosed with a serious physical or mental illness . The authors also found older adults who reported being ' currentl"
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