Expression and localization of the 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) enzyme in the reproductive tissues of the cynomolgus monkey Macaca fascicularis

Animal Biotechnology, Graduate School of Bio and Information Technology, Institute of Genetic Engineering, Hankyong National University, Ansung 456-749, Republic of Korea.
The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology (Impact Factor: 3.63). 07/2011; 127(3-5):337-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2011.07.006
Source: PubMed


This study was conducted to characterize and functionally analyze the monkey 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) in the ovary, placenta, and oviduct. We focused on 20α-HSD mRNA expression and protein localization in monkey reproductive tissues and the molecular characterization of the promoter region. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) monkey 20α-HSD mRNA was more strongly detected in the ovary at pre-ovulation than in the placenta and oviduct at pre-parturition. The mRNA was approximately 1.2kb in size and the expression was high in the ovary, which was the same as the RT-PCR result. We also produced His tagged 20α-HSD proteins by using an Escherichia coli expression system. In a western blot for the 20α-HSD protein, only 1 band of approximately 37-kDa was detected in the ovary, oviduct tissue, and recombinant protein produced in the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell line. However, in the placenta, additional 2 bands (35 and 39 kDa) were detected. Immunohistochemical analyses suggested that the monkey 20α-HSD protein was localized mainly in the syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta and the isthmus cells of the oviduct. According to promoter analyses with the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) gene, the monkey 20α-HSD promoter was efficiently expressed in the CHO-K1 cell line; however, the promoter was not expressed in bovine fetal fibroblast (bFF) cell. Taken together, our study showed that the 20α-HSD mRNA and protein are coordinately expressed in the ovary at pre-ovulation and in the placenta and oviduct at pre-parturition. Therefore, monkey 20α-HSD in the placenta, ovary and oviduct plays an important role in the estrous cycle, pregnancy, and parturition.

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Available from: Tseeleema Nanjidsuren, Dec 26, 2013
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    • "Among primates, 20α-HSD has been found in the placenta of humans [22], rhesus monkeys [23], and baboons [24]. In humans, the activity of 20α-HSD increased by 5-fold in the placenta from mid to late gestation [25]. "
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    ABSTRACT: Background Monkey 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) is a catabolic enzyme responsible for converting progesterone into biologically inactive 20α-hydroxyprogesterone, thereby playing a key role in the estrous cycle or pregnancy and allowing ovulation and parturition to occur in most mammalian animals. Monkey 20α-HSD was highly abundant in ovarian and placental tissues during the pre-ovulation and pre-parturition phase and was primarily localized in the syncytiotrophoblast of the placenta. In this study, we focused on the molecular characterization of the monkey 20α-HSD promoter region by conducting reporter assays in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) K1 cells. Results A reporter assay using constructs of various lengths of the 5′-flanking region (-890-Luc, -513-Luc, -306-Luc, -273-Luc, and -70-Luc) revealed that a region corresponding to the activator protein 1 (Ap-1) located between -281 and -274 bp was essential for the transcriptional activity. Absence of the Ap-1 site in -273-Luc dramatically decreased the transcription levels to the control levels. When the reporter constructs were co-transfected with Ap-1 (Jun) and specificity protein (Sp-1) genes, the transcription activities of the constructs increased with the exception of -273 and -70, while that of the double construct was reduced compared to that of Ap-1 alone. Furthermore, mutational analysis demonstrated that a putative Ap-1 site played an important role in the expression of the reporter gene. These findings were confirmed by EMSA examining the interactions of the protein Ap-1 in a nuclear extract from CHO-K1 cells and the expression levels of the Ap-1 transcription factor in pre-parturition placenta and CHO-K1 cells. Although mut-1 and mut-2 of Ap-1 bound with nuclear extracts from CHO-K1 cells, the transcriptional activity of mut-3 was almost completely suppressed. Conclusions Our results indicate that the Ap-1 site (-281 → -274) (5′-TGTCTCAT-3′) plays a crucial role in the activation of the monkey 20α-HSD gene. Thus, we demonstrated that monkey 20α-HSD promoter activity is regulated by the transcription factor Ap-1 in CHO-K1 cells.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014 · BMC Biotechnology
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    • "). Our results are consistent with a series of studies on mammals that have documented the presence of AKR1C1 enzyme in the placenta tissue during late pregnancy and pre-parturient period (Shiota et al. 1993; Jayasekara et al. 2005; Nanjidsuren et al. 2011). In several species, the increased AKR1C1 level has been found as the placenta comes to term, suggesting that this enzyme is involved in "
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    ABSTRACT: Aldo-keto reductase family 1 member C1 (AKR1C1) catalyses the conversion of progesterone into inactive 20α-dihydroxyprogesterone. It is suggested that AKR1C1 expression in the placenta prevents from the cytotoxic effect of progesterone on foetuses during late pregnancy. The aim of the study was to determine whether the anti-androgen flutamide administered during late pregnancy (83-89 days of gestation) or before parturition (101-107 days of gestation) influences AKR1C1 expression in the porcine placenta. AKR1C1 mRNA and protein levels were measured using real-time PCR and western blotting, respectively. Immunolocalization of AKR1C1 within placentas was also performed. Flutamide significantly increased AKR1C1 mRNA (p = 0.008) and protein (p = 0.019) expression only during the pre-parturient period in pigs. AKR1C1 protein was immunolocalized in the epithelial and stromal cells of foetal and maternal part of placenta at both stages of gestation. Following flutamide treatment, the intensity of staining was higher (p = 0.045) on day 108 of gestation. In conclusion, porcine placental AKR1C1 expression seems to be regulated by an androgen signalling pathway and may be involved in foetal survival by preventing the detrimental effect of progesterone.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Reproduction in Domestic Animals
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    • "The relationship between maternal and fetal tissues at their points of contact in the ruminant placenta is important for proper fetal nutrition. In recently, we have reported on the molecular characterization of bovine, porcine and monkey 20␣-HSD gene (Naidansuren et al., 2011; Seo et al., 2011; Nanjidsuren et al., 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: The enzyme 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) catalyzes the conversion of progesterone to its inactive form, 20α-hydroxyprogesterone. This enzyme has been shown to play a critical role in the regulation of luteal function in experimental animals. In this study, we cloned and expressed the gene encoding elk deer 20α-HSD from reproductive placental and ovarian tissues. PCR, 3'- and 5'-RACE, and northern blot analysis were performed for the cloning and characterization of deer 20α-HSD gene. We expressed recombinant deer 20α-HSD protein and used western blot analysis to determine protein expression levels in the placenta and ovary during pregnancy. The full cDNA sequence of 20α-HSD was used to clone an open reading frame encoding 323 amino acids and consisting of 1142 bp. The nucleotide sequence of deer 20α-HSD showed high homology with the sequences of the bovine (96%), goat (96%), and human (83%) 20α-HSD genes. 20α-HSD mRNA was strongly expressed in the placenta on days 30, 60, and 70 of pregnancy. A high level of the protein was also detected in the placenta but not in fetal skin tissue. The recombinant 20α-HSD protein produced in mammalian cells and bacterial systems had a molecular weight of approximately 37-kDa. The deer 20α-HSD protein signal was specifically localized in the basal part of the primary chorionic villi and chorionic stem villus of the placenta during early pregnancy. The 20α-HSD protein was also intensively localized in the larger luteal cells of the corpus luteum during pregnancy.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Animal reproduction science
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